No one can disturb the course of biological development of the human body established by nature, therefore the onset of menopause is natural and natural. And the attitude to this phenomenon must be appropriate. The main thing that a representative of the weaker sex can do is not indifferent to her health - to arm herself with reliable information about the difficulties that may arise as menopause occurs, and use it in practice. At the age of 47, the symptoms of menopause are already quite intense, and their diversity is so great that sometimes a woman may not associate the reasons for her indisposition with the decline of reproductive activity.
I must say that menopause with no signs - a phenomenon that is generally extremely rare. Most often, a woman is faced with a certain set of manifestations of a particular nature. Let us consider what symptoms menopause can manifest itself in women after 47 years of age.
Failure of the menstrual cycle and uterine bleeding
Failure of the menstrual cycle - one of the main signs of menopause, which marked the female menopausal period. From about 45 years old there can be significant fluctuations in the steady-state cycle. Sometimes it becomes very short - less than 21 days, and sometimes there are no periods for several months. In principle, during the period before menopause, these abnormalities are not considered abnormal. The intensity of discharge can also change - they can become abundant or scarce. A year after the last menstruation in women comes menopause, that is, the time when the reproductive function is fully completed, and, consequently, menstruation does not come again. Actually this is most often for the age of 52 - 55.
Dysfunctional uterine bleeding is a dangerous symptom, which is sometimes accompanied by menopause. They can be caused both by the lack of natural lubrication and the dryness of the vaginal walls, and by the most serious pathological processes: polyps, erosions, and benign and malignant tumors. If any bleeding that is not associated with the menstrual cycle occurs, you should immediately consult a doctor.
Hot flashes and hyperhidrosis
Hot flashes are another characteristic feature, manifested by a sudden sensation of heat in the upper part of the body. There may be general weakness, shortness of breath, dizziness, increased blood pressure, increased heart rate, redness of the skin. Attacks can occur at any time of the day, but are often disturbed at night. The frequency of tides can vary - in some women, they occur up to 10 times a day, while others - 20 times or more. If you are interested in the question: “How to get rid of tides?”, Then by all means follow the link to our article that will help you.
Increased sweating. The cause of this symptom of menopause in women is a violation of thermoregulation caused by malfunction of the hypothalamus. This area of the brain suddenly begins to perceive normal body temperature as elevated, sending in response the appropriate reactions, including hyperhidrosis.
Insomnia and irritability
Estrogen deficiency adversely affects the activity of the autonomic nervous system. Under the influence of a shortage of progesterone, a change occurs in the work of the hypothalamus, which regulates all the most important processes in the body, including the mechanisms of sleep and awakening. Read about what to do with insomnia during menopause.
Symptom of irritability is caused by low serotonin production, which is explained by the same lack of estrogen. As a result, the adaptive capacity of the organism to the effects of external and internal provocateurs is significantly weakened.
Frequent mood swings are another sign of a malfunction in this system. In this life segment, women often face a similar problem. Elated mood can be replaced by extremely gloomy without any objective reasons.
Unmotivated anxiety is the result of the inhibition of the activity of the autonomic nervous system and the decrease in the adaptive abilities of the organism. Often a woman is worried unnecessarily for reasons that have not previously caused her any emotional manifestations.
Depression is a frequent satellite of menostasis, caused by an increased load on the nervous system and insufficient production of natural estrogens. Often, the psychological state of a woman deteriorates to such an extent that, on her own, she simply cannot cope with this situation. In such cases, do not do without the help of a qualified psychologist.
Discomfort in the intimate area and reduced sexual desire
Itching, burning, dryness of the mucous membranes - all this is the result of the fact that the ovaries no longer synthesize estrogens. Discomfort in the genital area due to a decrease in the amount of secreted secretion of the sex glands and atrophy of the epithelium. These destructive changes cause a weakening of local immunity and create comfortable conditions for the development of inflammation.
Transformations occurring in the body act on the state of all the mucous membranes of the body, therefore as the menopause period passes, there is often a feeling of insufficient moisture in the nasal cavity and mouth, as well as drying of the eye mucosa (the so-called “dry eye” syndrome).
A decrease in sexual desire can be triggered by both hormonal imbalances and other causes. Sometimes a woman experiences physical discomfort during intimate contact, caused by a lack of natural lubrication or an inflammatory process. Psychological factors are also able to reduce libido. Often the representatives of the weaker sex acutely experience the onset of the menopausal period, associating it with the end of youth and the loss of visual appeal.
Chest pain, shortness of breath
Problems with heart. Estrogen deficiency causes a decrease in the vascular wall tone, a violation of lipid metabolism and, as a consequence, the development of atherosclerosis. The presence of cholesterol plaques impairs blood flow to the heart muscle and its saturation with oxygen, which leads to malfunctions in the work of the main motor of the body. Against the background of functional disorders, diseases such as angina, bradycardia, arrhythmia, and coronary heart disease often develop.
Shortness of breath - the body's reaction to lack of oxygen in the blood. This phenomenon rarely occurs on its own, most often it accompanies heart disease, diseases of the respiratory system, anemia. When menopause, shortness of breath is often felt during attacks of hot flashes, hypertensive crises, and heart rhythm disturbances.
Chest pain can be both symptoms of menopausal cardiomyopathy, the development of which is associated with impaired neurodynamic processes during hormonal adjustment, and signs of the development of pathological changes in the activity of the heart. Sometimes seizures can be triggered by neurological abnormalities. Only a specialist can understand the causes of pain. The patient's task is to tell in detail about the nature and duration of the pain, as well as about her condition during this period.
Osteoporosis, pain in the joints and muscles
Pain in the joints and muscles. This symptom often manifests itself at night, aggravating sleep problems. Such unpleasant sensations are caused by deterioration of calcium absorption and weak microcirculation in the articular and cartilage tissues. Read, if during menopause sore joints what to do?
Muscle tension and cramps are triggered by estrogen deficiency. As a result, atrophy of the muscles of the body occurs, the blood flow decreases, which causes unpleasant sensations.
Osteoporosis in menopause is a cunning disease that accompanies the arrival of menopause. Incorrect calcium metabolism leads to loss of bone strength, which is fraught with fractures and degenerative changes in the musculoskeletal system.
Spasms are another sign of the development of menopause in forty-seven-year-old women, caused by a deterioration in the absorption of calcium, and also by a lack of potassium and magnesium. Often, at night, women are disturbed by convulsions, preventing full sleep.
Weakening of memory and concentration as a sign of menopause after 47
Hormonal changes that accompany the completion of reproductive activity affect the work of the brain, responsible for the memory of all types of memory.
The lack of female sex hormones affects the work of the lateral occipital complex, which is responsible for focusing attention. Because of this, the ability to concentrate on a particular lesson is significantly reduced.
Incontinence and problems with the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract
Frequent urge to urinate - the same estrogen deficiency affects the muscle tone of the urinary system, which is manifested by the above symptoms. Sometimes even coughing, sneezing, physical activity can provoke involuntary discharge of urine.
In the period of menopause, the already existing malfunctions of the digestive organs often become more acute. At this time, there is a weakening of the tone of the muscles, which manifests itself as impaired intestinal motility.
Deterioration of the skin and hair
The attractiveness of the skin depends on the ability of cells to synthesize elastin and collagen fibers. During menopause, this function is gradually lost by the cells, so age-related changes begin to manifest themselves more actively: the number of wrinkles increases, the skin becomes thinner, it becomes drier, the turgor noticeably decreases, the processes of natural tissue regeneration slow down.
Increased skin pigmentation is often enhanced during menopause. This happens due to a metabolic disorder of the skin pigment - melanin. After 55 it is especially important to avoid exposure to direct sunlight, since it is becoming increasingly difficult for skin cells to resist their activity.
The problem of hair deterioration is associated with a lack of estrogen and progesterone, as well as a decrease in the synthesis of collagen and elastin. As a result of this deficiency, the blood flow in the skin is slowed down, the nutrition of the hair follicles deteriorates, and elasticity and luster are lost, and the tendency to hair loss is observed.
Called by endocrine disorders occurring against the background of hormonal transformation. Sometimes in a short time a woman can gain up to 10-15 kg. Fighting overweight, suppose at the age of 48-49, is not the same as at 25. Therefore, preventing weight gain at this age is somewhat easier than trying to cope with it. Read about nutrition during menopause.
Allergy and frequent ARVI
Allergic manifestations are caused by a decrease in immunity during menopause. Often there are reactions in the form of rhinitis, rashes on the skin and itching of the affected areas.
Frequent acute respiratory viral infections are due to low immune protection, which is a direct consequence of increased stress experienced by all body systems, as well as the effects of a drop in estrogen levels.
The sensation of a coma in the throat is a possible symptom of ill-being in the thyroid gland. This feeling may accompany an allergic reaction. If it progresses and appears regularly, you should consult an endocrinologist.
Constant feeling of tiredness and dizziness
Very often, a feeling of tiredness is triggered by overworking due to insomnia, as well as worsening of general well-being due to the active manifestation of menopausal symptoms.
Dizziness is due to a disruption in the activity of the vegetative system, causing incorrect work of the vestibular apparatus. Dizziness can manifest itself as an independent phenomenon, as well as a concomitant symptom with increased blood pressure, hot flashes, emotional over-stimulation.
Hypertension and headaches
The development of hypertension occurs as a result of a decrease in vascular tone. Strengthen this disease can overwork, violation of water-salt balance, excess weight, constant emotional stress.
Headaches and migraines. One of the quite frequent satellites of menopause. They arise either as an independent phenomenon, or as a side symptom of hypertensive seizures, hot flashes.
All of the above symptoms of menopause in women can manifest themselves either alone or in the form of a certain "bouquet". Sometimes the presence of such signals from the body indicates the development of independent diseases that were activated by the onset of menopause. That is why it is extremely important not to postpone a visit to a medical facility. With the help of modern diagnostic methods, it is possible to quickly determine the causes of the pathology and immediately start the necessary therapy.
Phases of menopause, which are?
Climax goes through some phases, each of which is characterized by its own specific features. The following phases are distinguished:
1 phase of premenopause,
2 phase of menopause itself,
3 Phase postmenopause.
Phase Premenopause. This stage is the first when menopause occurs. This period usually begins at 47 years of age, and it means the onset of menopause itself. When a woman finds herself in the first signs of this phase, you should immediately consult a doctor, and also focus on your health, in particular, on the condition of the genitourinary system. A year after the onset of the premenopause phase, the menopause period comes, and after that - the postmenopause.
Symptoms and signs of menopause at age 47
There are many signs pointing to the fact that a woman has a climax. These include: changes in weight, menstrual cycle disturbances, hot flashes, depression, mood changes, sleep disturbances, and malfunctioning of the cardiovascular system.
If you observe such symptoms in yourself, you should not immediately make a diagnosis and talk about climax. To find out what exactly is happening with your body, visit the gynecologist, who will conduct a thorough examination, take tests and then everything will become clear. Further in the article the signs of the onset and symptoms of menopause in women aged 47 years, what they are, what symptoms of early menopause exist.
Violation of the cycle of menstruation during menopause in 47 years
With the arrival of menopause, women stop going through sexual bleeding. When this phenomenon occurs in women at 47 years of age, this can serve as a factor by which it can be considered that menopause has occurred. At this age, the genitals stop their activity, as a result of which the menstruation stops. The appearance of this process is called premenopause. Gradually, the ovaries, which directly play an important role in the reproductive process, lose their activity. This period begins in women who have reached the age of 47 years, and lasts a fairly long time. As soon as the last menstruation passes, menopause begins. It ends with postmenopausal women, when the reproductive system of a woman completely loses its functions, which nature has invested in it.
The first symptoms of the appearance of premenopause in women age 47-51 years, are failures in the menstrual cycle. Monthly come at different times and have a different duration. At the same time, the discharge is either too abundant or, conversely, scanty. If these symptoms appear, it is worthwhile to consult a doctor to determine whether these cycle failures are precursors of menopause or they are the result of a disease. Smoking, alcohol abuse, drug taking, and a wrong lifestyle can accelerate the appearance of menopause, since all the negative substances that enter the woman’s body have a bad effect on the functioning of the reproductive system. Therefore, if you are not yet 47-49 years old, then menopause may occur due to the intoxication of your body. If a woman saw hormonal contraceptive pills, then menopause may appear later, since the hormones in the body support the functioning of the ovaries and the uterus.
Hot flashes during menopause, causes, symptoms, what to do?
One of the common symptoms of menopause in women at 47 years old is hot flashes during menopause. The concept of tides refers to the sensation of heat, in which the neck and the entire face immediately turn red. This symptom is typical in women 47-48 years. This phenomenon occurs with abundant and sharp perspiration. The patient can sweat instantly. There is no increase in body temperature, it is usually only a psychological factor. During hot flashes, the woman feels lethargic and weak. There are cases of loss of consciousness. Also, due to such hot flashes, chronic fatigue, insomnia and heart disorders can occur.
The occurrence of tides is impossible to predict. У одних женщин они происходят достаточно часто, у других, наоборот, весьма редко. Они длятся от нескольких секунд до одной минутки. Возникновение приливов у 47-летних женщин связано с резким снижением концентрации эстрогена в организме. Из-за того, что его мало, головной мозг производит другие какие-то вещества, которые сказываются на общем состоянии.
Why there is sweating during menopause
Increased sweating - a bright sign of menopause. It usually occurs with the tides described above. Sweat can be so active that the body can get wet in a couple of seconds. It happens that at night sometimes you even need to change bed linen. But do not confuse increased sweating during menopause with sweating in case of malfunction of the thyroid gland. To diagnose such diseases, it is necessary to consult an appropriate physician. With the release of sweat and various harmful substances go away, as well as normal body temperature. During menopause, sweating is considered normal, as in other life situations. Therefore, it is not considered a pathology.
Insomnia during menopause, why insomnia appears
Insomnia occurs in women 47-50 years old, since there is a violation of hormonal levels. It is a sign of menopause. Sleep disturbances can cause hot flashes. When a woman experiences a tide at night, she wakes up and then cannot sleep for a long time, as a result of which she feels sluggish and depressed in the morning. If this condition lasts for several days, then you can normalize sleep with the help of medications. For a good sleep also help some kind of physical exercise, long walks, and other measures.
Menopause depression and its treatment
As a result of a violation of hormonal background during menopause, a woman develops a depressive state. At the same time, the mood becomes mainly pessimistic, the state is depressed, the patient feels inferior.
If this condition lasts a couple of days, then this is a mild depression, which is a sign of menopause. Signs of depression are:
1 Irritable condition,
2 loss of appetite
3 Bad mood
5 Sleep disturbance.
Increased pressure during menopause, the reasons why it appears?
During menopause, blood pressure surges occur frequently. Often it just rises. This, in turn, adversely affects the work of the cardiovascular system. If a woman has a headache, her nauseous and pre-fainting condition, then this indicates that arterial pressure is not normal. A sharp increase in pressure can lead to very unpleasant consequences. If there are pains in the chest, in the head and heart rhythm interruptions occur, you should not close your eyes to this, but you should immediately contact a specialist for medical help.
Treatment of menopause and its symptoms in 47 years
To reduce the impact on the woman's body of all the negative factors during menopause, various methods are used. Assistants in this case can be, as prescribed by the doctor, special medicines aimed at alleviating the patient's condition, as well as traditional medicine (various decoctions, teas). A woman who has reached the age of 47 should not refuse and forget about an active lifestyle. Long walks in the fresh air and exercise should be included in the mode of life. It is also necessary to normalize food and sleep. It is necessary to get enough sleep, to fully relax, to eliminate harmful products, fatty foods, everything that can only badly affect the general condition.
By visiting a gynecologist, he may prescribe certain medications that will help a woman get rid of any unpleasant sensations and symptoms. So, some vitamin complexes, hormone-type drugs or even homeopathic medicines can be prescribed. The main thing in all this, try to be always in a good mood, live in pleasure and then everything will be fine.
Causes of menopause at the age of 47, why menopause comes?
According to statistics, menopause begins in women aged from 46 years. Hormonal changes can occur both later and earlier than the specified age. This is due to the impact on the female body of certain factors.
The list of the main factors that cause menopause should include:
1 Genetics. Heredity in this case is an important factor, which may be the main cause of the manifestation of menopause at such an early age.
2 Diseases of a chronic nature. This category includes: diabetes mellitus, hormonal imbalance, disruption of the thyroid gland.
3 Climate. In areas where the sun's rays have an active effect on the female body, problems may arise regarding early menstruation, as well as the onset of menopause at a later age.
4 Socio-economic situation. For many, this factor may seem strange and not entirely appropriate, but it has been scientifically proven that women whose activities are not associated with active physical exertion are not subjected to stressful situations. Often, they have the so-called late hormonal adjustment.
5 Lifestyle. Proper nutrition, exercise, sexual activity, these factors also affect the development of menopause at a later age.
6 Nervous disorders. Stressful situations, depression, mental disorders lead to the manifestation of menopause in the early stages.
Causes of early menopause, what could be the causes of early onset of menopause?
The above factors have the ability to influence the body of a woman, namely, to accelerate or suspend the natural process of hormonal changes. During the early onset of menopause, many women are tormented by the same question: “Why so fast?” Disruption of the hormonal background can occur for a great many different reasons. Hormonal changes have an active effect on the woman's body. Doctors identify several reasons why menopause can begin at such an early age. Perhaps the most significant factor in a strong impact is genetics. Often, precisely because of heredity in women, menopause begins before the statistical norm. The early menopause can also be triggered by chronic diseases, such as: diabetes mellitus, disruption of the thyroid gland, hormonal imbalance. Do not forget about the climatic conditions, often because of the geographical location of the woman's body is exposed to the damaging effects of sunlight. As a result of such processes, there are cases when the menstrual cycle is significantly delayed, and menopause occurs much earlier than expected. Constant stress, excessive exercise - these are the factors that could later be the cause of earlier menopause. Malnutrition, persistent depression, lack of sports and sexuality - these are the first steps that can lead to the onset of menopause in the period from 46 to 49 years.
Climax at 47 years, its features
With the onset of menopause, the female body exhibits a host of different symptoms that activate discomfort and pain. These symptoms are called menopausal syndrome. There are cases of early menopause, which are observed in women aged 47-49 years. At this stage, the production of sex hormones stops, the work of the ovaries goes down, the menstrual periods are interrupted, the moments of ovulation prevail, which affect the course of conception.
With the advent of menopause, there are several stages that have their own symptoms separately.
- The first stage is the premenopause, it comes in 47 years. At this time, the fertility of the woman goes down. However, at this phase it is quite possible to conceive and bear a strong baby.
- The second stage is menopause. In this phase, the woman observes the last periods.
- The third stage is postmenopause. It begins after the complete cessation of menstruation.
If menopause started early, every woman should pay attention to their health. The urinogenital system is most susceptible to changes, so it would not be superfluous to consult a doctor.
If an early menopause occurs, consultation with a doctor is necessary.
Causes that affect early menopause
With the onset of early menopause, many women wonder: why so early? Hormonal changes can occur due to various factors, because they actively affect the female body. It is worth considering the reasons that affect menopause at an early age:
- A strong influence on the onset of early menopause has a genetics. It is heredity that can provoke early menopause.
- Chronic diseases include: diabetes, thyroid problems and hormonal imbalances.
- Exposure to the sun's rays, which predominate in some cities. In connection with them, one can observe a rather late menstrual cycle, but early menopause.
- Women who are constantly in stressful situations or their activity is associated with physical or hard work are also subject to early climax.
- Malnutrition, lack of sports and sexual activity.
- Stressful, depressive and mental disorders.
All of the above reasons are the first calls to the onset of menopause at an early age (46-49 years).
Regular stress can trigger early menopause
Signs of early menopause
One of the first symptoms of menopause in women of forty-seven years is a violation of the menstrual cycle. Monthly periods can occur on indefinite days and hours, having a different duration, they can be scanty or too abundant. However, do not delay the visit to the gynecologist, because irregular monthly cycle can be caused by a female disease, and not menopause. It is worth noting that in women who took high doses of alcohol and nicotine, menopause can come before forty-seven years, because the body during the whole period of life was severely poisoned.
But when taking hormonal drugs, there is a likelihood of a menopause much later. Since hormones are able to support ovarian function.
What symptoms are observed with menopause in women 47 years old?
In medicine, tides are called the sudden appearance of heat, above the belt, which causes redness of the skin of the face, neck and chest. For a woman of 46-48 years old, these signs are the first signal of the beginning of menopause. These symptoms are accompanied by sudden and profuse sweating. Literally in a minute, the woman is getting wet from sweat, as if she had just taken a shower. However, the temperature index of the body remains normal. Tides are mostly conditioned by psychological moments.
When the tides feel great malaise and weakness, sometimes fainting is possible. Also, this symptom can cause insomnia, chronic fatigue and upset the heart system. The occurrence of tides is unrealistic to expect, they can occur often or very rarely, their duration is no more than two minutes.
Hot flashes during menopause is one of the most unpleasant symptoms.
Excessive sweating is the most common symptom in menopause. Sweat is very abundant, clothes get wet, and at night all bed linen becomes wet. With thyroid disease, as with menopause, there is profuse sweating. Therefore, it is important not to confuse the symptoms. In order to certify what specifically bothers the body, it is necessary to turn to a specialist doctor.
No need to think that sweating is a pathology. Mother nature created the human body in such a way that throughout life the release of sweat is a natural process by which all harmful elements leave the body. During menopause, this process is simply necessary.
Lack of sleep
With early menopause, the hormonal background of the body is disturbed, which can be expressed in different ways. Many people suffer from insomnia during menopause. This process is a menopausal period. Night without sleep leads to apathy and fatigue in the morning. Therefore, if these symptoms last for a week, you should resort to the help of a sedative and sleeping pills, after consulting with a doctor. Also, do not interfere with small exercise and vigorous walks in the fresh air.
According to surveys of women who are experiencing, early menopause, frequent dizziness and migraine are a must. At this time, the woman is in a state of depression because of a lack of hormones. A woman during menopause cannot relax, she constantly experiences negative emotions. A gloomy and gloomy facial expression leads to a regular migraine, which can last more than one week.
Headaches often accompany early menopause.
Blood pressure jumps
During menopause, blood pressure constantly fluctuates. Very often, you can observe increased pressure, which negatively affects the cardiovascular system, which is weakened by a low content of hormones. The main signs of non-compliance with blood pressure are frequent headaches, gag reflexes, fainting.
With a sharp and frequent increase in pressure, you should immediately consult a doctor. Such symptoms can be fatal.
Early menopause is a nuisance or danger.
The onset of menopause in 46-48 years passes and is long. In addition, the female body begins to age early, wrinkles and pigmentation appear, the shape of the breast is lost, and deposits of the fat layer appear. The body malfunctions the cardiovascular system, leading to an early heart attack or stroke.
Hormonal changes can cause tumors, the mammary glands are often affected. Therefore, as soon as forty years have passed, do not debug a trip to the gynecologist for “later”. Consultation and testing will help to avoid the mass of diseases and disorders.
Mammography - a mandatory procedure for women with early menopause
What will help with the painful symptoms of early menopause
In order to weaken the unpleasant and sometimes painful sensations of the climacteric period, one can resort to the help of not only traditional medicines, but also traditional medicine. The only thing that should be remembered: lead an active lifestyle, walk more, breathe fresh air, do not reject playing sports, eat large amounts of fruits and vegetables.
If pain persists for several weeks and does not pass, then the doctor will prescribe medications containing hormones, homeopathic medicines and a number of vitamin complexes, which will significantly reduce pain, depression and malaise.
Important: It is worth noting that at the time of menopause, the female body feels a strong sexual desire. Regular sex will alleviate the difficult symptoms of menopause and contribute to further calm and balance.
Climax is a completely natural state, which feels too late or late, every woman. It can not be avoided, there is only the possibility to make it more gentle. Menopause is not a disease, it is the transition of the organism to a new stage of life. Probably many do not know that menopause translates as a step, following which the female body changes completely, losing its reproductive capacity. However, nature can work wonders! Sometimes it happens that mothers are women who have experienced all the properties of the climacteric period.
What is menopause?
It is known that during the onset of menopause, a woman exhibits various symptoms that in most cases cause discomfort and even pain. The appearance of all symptoms in menopause is called menopausal syndrome.
There are situations of early menopause. In the medical field, this phenomenon is called ovarian exhaustion syndrome. Those who are not familiar with scientific terms and concepts, can not always understand why a woman has menopause at a certain age and the reproductive function is restructured.
It is worth noting that these are natural changes that are most often observed in women aged 47–52 years. There are cases when the restructuring and the menopause period occurs earlier (from 36 years) and later (after 60). But the age category of women does not affect the manifestation of symptoms.
Menopause does not apply to a disease, pathology or violation of any functions of the body, so it is not worth treating. Some experts argue that there is an option of "delaying" menopause, but methods and therapies that could affect this process have not yet been found.
During this period, the body stops active production of sex hormones, decreases the response of the ovaries to sexual changes that occur in case of release of hormones by the pituitary gland. There is a stop of the menstrual cycle. At this time, avonulatory cycles begin to prevail, which also influence the conception process, reducing reproductive functions.
In the scientific field there are 3 main phases of menopause. The first is called premenopause, in which there is a decrease in female fertility. Но даже несмотря на изменения этих функций, женщина все еще способна выносить ребенка при возможном зачатии.
Второй период называется менопаузой. Во время этого наблюдаются последние менструальные циклы в жизни женщины. Diagnosis of this phenomenon occurs 12 months after the end of the last menstruation.
The last is postmenopause, which occurs after the end of the menstrual cycle and lasts until the end of life.
Factors affecting hormonal alteration
Basically, menopause begins in women who have reached the age of 46-47 years. But hormonal changes may occur sooner or later. This is due to the influence of the main factors that have the ability to actively influence the woman's body.
The main reasons for the occurrence of menopause include:
- Genetic predisposition. The hereditary factor is important in this case, can have a strong influence and provoke the occurrence of menopause at an early age.
- The presence of chronic diseases. These include hormonal imbalance, diabetes mellitus, thyroid gland pathology.
- Geographical factor. In some places, the sun's rays actively affect the body, which can provoke the occurrence of early menstruation and the appearance of menopause at a later age.
- Social and economic factors. Strange as it may sound, women who are not associated with active physical labor, who are not subject to constant stressful situations, are amenable to the late development of hormonal adjustment.
- Lifestyle. Healthy nutrition, sports, normal sexual activity - all this affects the development of menopause at a later age.
- Mental disorders. Various stresses and depression, mental disorders and disorders can contribute to early menopause.
All of the above factors can affect a woman and suspend or accelerate the process of natural hormonal changes.
The manifestation of symptoms with age change
With the appearance of menopause by the age of 47, the woman begins to feel various manifestations and is confronted with symptoms of changes.
The first signs of menopause in women cannot be called pronounced, as there are no associations with the completion of reproductive function.
Manifestations are purely individual. Symptoms of menopause can manifest itself in two forms: neurovegetative and psychoemotional.
The first type includes rather unpleasant symptoms that often cause a lot of discomfort to a woman. There are occasional hot flashes in the form of a constant change of heat to chills and vice versa. There is increased sweating, begin to disturb the cardiovascular disorders, which include tachycardia, instability of blood pressure indicators. A woman suffers from migraines, constant headaches and dizziness.
As for the psycho-emotional signs, the symptoms also can not be classified as pleasant. There is a constant causeless irritability. A woman feels tired and depressed, there are sharp changes in mood. Memory and attention are also beginning to be disturbed. There is insomnia, libido decreases significantly.
Do not think that all of the above symptoms are evidence that sexual and reproductive functions are “100% depressed”. In this case, it is better to consult with specialists (gynecologist-endocrinologist), who will be able to accurately determine whether the menopause manifested itself and whether there was a final change in hormonal functions.
Also, the onset of menopause at age 47 can be determined by the occurrence of other symptoms. Mucous membranes (including in the genital area) are characterized by dryness and inflammation. Dysfunctional uterine bleeding is observed, the urinary system also manifests violations. There are inflammatory processes in the vagina and mucosal atrophy. There is a violation of metabolic processes, increases body weight. With climax, cardiovascular diseases are felt. There are cases with the development of Alzheimer's disease.
Since menopause does not relate to a disease or pathology, treatment is not indicated when normal symptoms develop. If there are strong violations or the manifestation of changes is quite difficult, the doctor is obliged to conduct an examination. In most cases, general tonic and hormonal replacement therapy is prescribed to improve the condition. Drugs are used for severe disorders. Climax can be accompanied by various diseases and pathologies. Therefore, with a pronounced symptomatology, it is better to consult a specialist. Treatment can only prescribe a doctor after the examination. At detection of diseases (abnormal liver function, tendency to thrombosis, etc.) appropriate therapy is prescribed.
How does menopause begin and how long does it take
Climax does not fall on a woman overnight, it stretches for several years. Stages of development of menopause:
- Premenopause - in 45–47 years in the body begins to decrease estrogen levels. The first delay of the menstrual cycle occurs, the psychological state is unstable.
- Menopause. After the last month passes a year.
- Perimenopause. The woman feels this stage especially acutely. The symptoms of menopause are so pronounced that it is rather difficult to cope with them. Duration of perimenopause from 4 to 10 years.
- Postmenopause. The body has learned to cope with hormonal fluctuations. Symptoms of menopause disappears, but there is a risk of complications.
Even at the initial stage of menopause, a woman should take the necessary measures to reduce the physical and psychological sensations of this period.
Signs of menopause
What will be the first symptom of approaching menopause depends on the individual characteristics of the organism. But doctors determine the main classic signs of menopause:
- Tides The sudden appearance of feelings of heat, redness of the skin of the face and neck. Their duration does not exceed 1 minute, the frequency - up to 50 times per day. Tides occur at night, the woman does not get enough sleep, feels constant fatigue.
- Insomnia. From the first sign pours out the second. Tides do not allow a woman to fall asleep peacefully, even with extreme fatigue a woman can remain without sleep until the very morning.
- Headache. Due to constant stress and prolonged anxiety, a woman drives herself into an unstable psychological state. There are frequent migraines, headache spreads to the temples and the frontal region. In serious condition, there is a darkening in the eyes.
- Change of emotions. The cheerful mood sharply and without reason is replaced by tears and irritability. In this case, the woman becomes forgetful and distracted.
- Vaginal changes. A decrease in the level of hormones leads to laxity of the mucous membranes of the vagina. The natural tale of the genitals is not enough, because of which there is a burning and itching. Discomfort can accompany pain after sexual contact or physical activity.
- Urinary incontinence. An insufficient amount of hormones affects the woman's entire urogenital system. Gradually, the bladder tone decreases, even when laughing or coughing, perhaps an involuntary discharge of a small amount of urine.
- Sweating Immediately after the tide, the woman is covered in sticky sweat, there is so much of it that you need to take a shower and change the bedding.
All these signs of menopause can be divided by time or attack a woman almost immediately. This is purely individual.
Reasons for delaying menstruation if the test is negative
At about 47 years old, a woman is faced for the first time with a delayed menstrual cycle. In this case, the first thing in a hurry to do a pregnancy test, which is likely to show a negative result. This is due to the onset of the extinction of reproductive function, that is, the approach of menopause. During this period, the menstrual cycle is disturbed, the number and intensity of blood discharge decreases. During such a period it is important not to abandon the use of contraceptives. After all, even with such a restructuring of the hormonal background, a woman can become pregnant. And make and give birth to a healthy child will be quite difficult.
2-3 month delay
The change in the nature of the menstrual cycle indicates the initial stage of menopause. The body of a woman in menopause can gradually respond to changes in hormonal levels:
- menstrual flow comes on the usual schedule, but their profusion every time fades away,
- the cycle is broken - the delay occurs for several days, the monthly is scanty, then abundant,
- the duration of the delay is 2-3 months; bleeding appears and disappears again for the same period,
- complete cessation of the menstrual cycle after a long delay.
Even if a woman had regular periods throughout her life, with the approach of menopause, they would become rare and unpredictable. Initially, the monthly allotment will be delayed by only a few days, then this period will increase by 2-3 months, and, in the end, there will be a complete cessation.
When menstrual flow appears 1 time in 3 months, and their intensity and consistency does not cause concern, the woman should not worry. In another situation, the appearance of heavy bleeding after a long absence, you should immediately contact a gynecologist.
Especially when menstrual flow continues for more than 7 days. After all, female organs during menopause are especially susceptible to various diseases and infections. Uterine bleeding in menopause is not uncommon - the amount of discharge is large, there are painful sensations. The causes of uterine bleeding include not only neoplasms in the uterus and infections. At this age, even minor alcohol intoxication and unhealthy diet can lead to dangerous consequences.
What to do - what treatment?
When a woman at the age of 47–50 breaks down her period, then it’s illogical to talk about any warning steps. After all, the extinction of reproductive function at this age is a natural and inevitable process. But there are cases when quite young ladies, aged 30–40, face a delayed menstrual cycle due to the onset of menopause. The development of early menopause occurs in various circumstances - this is an individual feature of the body, and the negative influence of the environment, and pathological hormonal disorders.
With early menopause, a woman is recommended to use hormone therapy, the effect of drugs is aimed at stabilizing the menstrual cycle. With timely treatment there is a chance to preserve the reproductive function in working condition for another few years, this is especially important for women who have not given birth.
In menopause, delay of the menstrual cycle is a normal condition of the body, if a woman has reached a certain age (45-47 years). At the same time, it is necessary to observe secretions in order to notice any violations and deviations from the norm as early as possible. Women can use homeopathic remedies and remedies to relieve menopause symptoms.
Also helps to cope with the tides, disruptions in the menstrual cycle and other signs of menopause folk remedy - Monastic tea and stop menopause drops. All its components are of natural origin, after consuming the general condition of the woman returns to normal.
The quality of life in menopause depends on the positive attitude of the woman and the steps taken. Survive the arrival of menopause in 47 years, you can use the daily small and big joys. A woman should spend her free time more outdoors, walk more often and enjoy beautiful views of the environment. In the diet is better to give preference to fresh vegetables and fruits. The best way to forget about the approaching old age is to go on a journey for new bright emotions.
Many women are afraid of the arrival of menopause, this is understandable. At the psychological level comes the understanding of uselessness and worthlessness, and the physical condition is getting worse every year. But if you try to set up yourself and your body in the necessary fashion at the first delay of a month, you will soon realize that life at 47 has not yet ended and you can live its remnants happily and happily.
At what age does menopause in women begin?
The body of each woman is unique. The decline of the function of childbirth occurs in every woman at different ages. Nevertheless, the collected medical statistics allows us to identify the average age corresponding to the onset of menopause. This is the age of 47 years.
In some cases, the first signs of menopause in women may appear before the age of 40 years. In this case, we can talk about the early onset of menopausal syndrome. This pathology, which in recent decades is detected more and more.
With early menopause The following groups of women may encounter:
- made a large number of abortions,
- not having a regular sex partner,
- suffering from excess weight
- dieters and starving
- having endocrine diseases
- suffering from oncology.
Climacteric period in women is different. Some feel only mild ailment, while others suffer greatly.
Factors affecting the condition of a woman during menopause
Doctors distinguish 4 main factorsthat determine the well-being of patients in menopause.
- Natural Aging It is always accompanied by changes in the body at the level of receptors and hormones. Nerve cells die, which leads to a decrease in motor activity and the appearance of disorders of mental functions. Against this background, the development of depression.
- The presence of somatic and nervous diseases. They have every person. Another thing is that they clearly manifest themselves not at all. Such diseases are formed throughout life under the influence of various factors. In women, they begin to appear acutely in menopause. By and large, they determine the signs of menopause in women at 47 years of age. These are diseases such as: atherosclerosis, arterial hypertension, disorders of the musculoskeletal system, anxiety, depression, etc.
- Hormonal changes. The brightest manifestations of them are hot flashes and disorders of the urogenital system. Against the background of hormonal changes, the central system reorganizes, affecting metabolic, endocrine, motivational and cognitive processes.
- Psychosocial status. We are talking about the domestic situation, financial condition, the presence of a man nearby, family harmony.
This is the first stage, which takes an average of 6 years. During this period, the follicles react less to hormones that cause their maturation, which leads to disruption of the usual menstrual cycle. Monthly comes with a big delay, and the number of days before their termination increases or, conversely, decreases. The nature of the discharge also changes. They may have less or more blood. These are the first signs of menopause in women.
In the case of early onset of premenopause in the patient's body, doctors always find an increased production of estrogen. In this case, the gynecologist must conduct an oncological examination.
This stage is very short. Often women do not notice him at all. It is characterized full stop of the menstrual cycle.
This is the third and final stage of hormonal adjustment. It may come with some delay. At this stage, the production of hormones in the ovaries stops completely, the level of female sex hormones is at a consistently low level, blocking reproductive functions. Age-related changes of the body continue:
- Pubic hair becomes smaller.
- The vagina loses its tone.
- The uterus is reduced in size.
- Often stops the production of mucus in the cervical canal.
- In the mammary glands, the glandular tissue is replaced by fatty and fibrous tissue.
If a woman’s menopause is normal, then she feels quite well. Postmenopause continues until the end of life.
Symptoms of menopause in women
After 45 years, with the onset of menopausal syndrome, each woman to one degree or another face the following symptoms:
- Psycho-emotional syndrome. It is best described by terms such as: menopausal depression and involutionary hysteria. By the way, such violations occur in women of any age, but are most often detected in menopause. Moreover, after 45 years they are more pronounced and in most cases are accompanied by somatic diseases. Women in a climax very quickly get tired, stop paying attention to their appearance, worry about trifles, become suspicious, unduly vulnerable. They become afraid of old age and cry a lot.
- Sleep disturbance. This is one of the most prominent symptoms of menopause. It occurs in 60% of all women. Patients complain about the impossibility of falling asleep, nightmares, frequent night wakes. The causes of dyssomnia may be: vascular disorders in the brain and emotional disorders. Often, in the climacteric period, women begin to snore in their sleep. In addition, in a dream, they may suddenly begin to bit their feet. In the mornings, women experience a headache, and during the day they want to sleep.
- Psychovegative disorders. Речь идет о жалобах женщин на затрудненное дыхание, боли в левой половине груди, нарушения сердечного ритма, скачки АД.
- Снижение работоспособности. В климактерический период мыслительные способности женщины ухудшаются. It becomes harder for her to switch from one process to another. This causes some emotional problems.
- Endocrine disorders. This symptom is most often manifested by eating disorders. A woman starts eating more or less. This leads to a change in body weight and edema. Often this leads to the development of articular pathologies and heart problems.
- Psychosocial symptom. The patient cannot find a common language with others. There are problems in the family and at work. This leads to a decrease in the quality of life and isolation. It is for this reason, when the climacteric period begins a woman necessarily needs the help of a psychologist.
- Sexual impairment. The overwhelming majority of women lose their interest in sex when menopause occurs. This is due to a significant decrease in the production of the main sex hormones. Due to a 50% decrease in estrogen production, the vaginal walls become drier. Sexual intercourse in such conditions becomes painful. Due to the lack of testosterone, the woman is less interested in the opposite sex. Due to the lack of progesterone, a woman has headaches that discourage any interest in sexual intercourse.
Today, many doctors believe that with menopausal syndrome, the first thing to do is to begin treating the patient with hormone replacement therapy. Such an approach avoids the development of such complications as: diabetes, osteoporosis, heart disease, obesity, etc.
Naturally, such therapy should be carried out under the strict supervision of a physician, because she has a number of contraindications:
- Uterine bleeding for no apparent reason.
- Breast Oncology.
- Preinfarction state.
- Diseases of the thyroid gland.
- Preoperative preparation.
Preparations for substitution therapy contain low dosages of estrogen and progesterone.
Until the full stop of the menstrual cycle during menopause women are often prescribed the following drugs:
If a woman does not have a menstrual cycle, then she should start taking Livial or Kliogest.
Treatment of menopausal depression
To combat this syndrome, patients are prescribed such drugs as: Setralin, Citalopram, Fluoxetine. Such treatment should begin when the first signs of depression develop.
Antidepressants can also be used if a woman has signs emotional and affective disorders. In addition, such drugs can be used if the patient refuses replacement therapy or is contraindicated to her.
In that case, when a woman begins to respond inadequately to typical situations at the time of menopause, she becomes anxious, then she is prescribed psychotherapeutic treatment in addition to drug therapy.
The psychotherapist corrects the patient's self-perception, thereby reducing stress. Correction is achieved by various means:
- Autogenic workouts.
At a certain point in a woman’s life, a moment comes when the body begins to sorely lack of vitamins and mineralswhich he gets from food. Such conditions often occur during menopause. And you need to fight them.
To preserve the carbohydrate and fat metabolism at the proper level, doctors prescribe vitamin-mineral complexes to patients.
Vitamins A, B, D, E are most important for women during menopause.
To compensate for the lack of vitamin D is assigned Calciferol. This drug helps prevent the development of osteoporosis.
Vitamin E is contained in the preparation Tocopherol. He, in conjunction with vitamin C reduces the severity of hot flashes and relieves irritability.
Treatment of menopause folk remedies
For people's treatment of menopause should be treated with caution. The fact is that with such therapy may occur unexpected side effects. Therefore, before starting treatment, it is necessary to get advice from a specialist.
In folk recipes, herbal ingredients rich in estrogen are used. Most often it is soy products. It should be understood that it is not the estrogens themselves that have a positive effect, but the soy components.
A good effect when fighting tides is a black kohoj. Take this tool should be very careful, as it can cause indigestion.
Climax - the result of physiological aging of the body. it not a reason for depression. If you do not let everything take its course, the climacteric period will not prevent a woman from living a full, joyful life, enjoying work and family peace.
Attention, only TODAY!
Surprisingly, I did not suffer much symptoms. Yes, there were dizziness, mood swings, apathy. But I drank it all out and all these unpleasant symptoms passed. Mom's menopause also came calmly. So it also depends on heredity.
We advise you to read on this topic.
Signs of menopause in women 43 years
How are the first signs of menopause in women aged 48 years?
Initial signs of menopause in a woman
VrachLady / Menopause / Signs of menopause (menopause) in women aged 47
Climax and tides.
Monthly have uncontrollably different intervals and can be both abundant and scarce. This suggests a sharp arrival of menopause and a jump in hormones in the female body. The beginning of menopause, i.e. premenopause, as we already know, lasts about 6 years and the beginning of this period is characterized by normal periods, but with delays.
With increasing delays, scarcity also increases, as well as a reduction in the duration of menstruation, as an indicator of the normal course of menopause. You can say this: yes, there is a delay, and it is the last. Moreover, in most cases, his offensive indicates any irregularities in the female body.
A few years before the start of menopause, a woman goes through the so-called perimenopause - a period of an average of two to six years. But for some women it may be shorter or longer. Violations of the menstrual cycle are the main symptom of the approach of early menopause.
Menstrual flow at the beginning of menopause
That is why it is very important to regularly (once every six months or a year) go to an appointment with a gynecologist. If there is a premature extinction of ovarian function, the treatment in this case is ineffective. As a rule, analyzes of the levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and estradiol are used to diagnose early menopause.
And a little about the secrets ...
It should be noted that, unlike normal menopause, early is characterized by the fact that the reserves of eggs in the ovaries are not completely exhausted. This is observed in twenty-five percent of women, and about ten percent of women can still get pregnant and have a healthy child. With normal menopause, the release of the egg does not occur, so that the woman already loses the ability to become pregnant.
Is there a delay in menopause?
Very often, women experience discomfort associated with menopause. And that's fine. It should be remembered that such violations are a manifestation of hormonal changes in a woman who entered the climacteric period.
What is postmenopause?
Various reasons can provoke the onset of premature menopause. Normally, each woman has two X chromosomes, but only one of them is active. However, the presence of a flaw in another can provoke premature menopause. This explains the fact that women with such a defect in the eggs are much smaller than in healthy ones, as a result of which the menopause occurs six to eight years earlier than the prescribed time.
In addition, these women have a three-fold increase in the risk of developing a heart attack and six times a stroke. Sex after menopause. Many women note an increase in sexual desire during the period of menopause. Regular sex life alleviates the manifestations of menopause symptoms ("hot flashes"), and also makes the woman calmer.
In addition to hormone therapy, a woman should review her eating habits. In particular, it should be included in the diet more seafood, fruits, vegetables and herbs, as well as pasta, as they contain a lot of carbohydrates, which is especially useful during menopause.
Normally, for women older than 40-45 years, signs of a monthly delay are known, as a signal of a transition to menopause. Years later, and possibly at the beginning of the period of menopause, menstruation may already be a certain bleeding caused by the adoption of artificial hormones.
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The first signs of menopause
When exactly and with what symptom everything will start specifically, no one will be able to say for sure. Of course, you can rely on heredity, because it is of considerable importance, but in the modern world, in addition to this, there are enough other factors that can influence the situation, and most likely worsen it. This applies, for example, abortions, hormonal drugs, in particular contraceptives and other things.
But as gynecological practice shows, more often than not, women declare the onset of menopause with hot flushes and night sweats. And if everything is clear with the second sign, then how do you know what tides are in women?
Tides is a condition in which the female body covers the feeling of strong heat or heat. It begins with the face, moving gradually to the neck and chest, dissipating into distant structures. Separate areas of the skin may become covered with bright red spots, the heartbeat and pulse increase, the temperature rises. All this is accompanied by severe perspiration, may overtake in a dream, or in the period of wakefulness.
Next will be listed all the known signs of menopause in women, but their intensity for each of you is determined individually. Some symptoms may never appear at all, or they may be especially troubling.
- Insomnia is a common problem for women who have crossed the menopause threshold. And some have serious difficulties with falling asleep, someone only sleeps a couple of hours per night, and the rest of the time does not close his eyes, and someone has a very restless sleep and a heightened feeling of excitement at night.
- Attacks of palpitations can occur periodically and without cause.
- If, for some reason, the woman's blood circulation is impaired, then most likely she will experience the phenomenon of numbness of the limbs, tingling in them and a feeling of squeezing in the chest.
- Chills at night is one of the causes of female insomnia.
- Blood pressure drops can be so severe that in a few minutes the lady develops a severe headache followed by loss of consciousness.
- Sexual attraction can fade away, or ever become aggravated.
- The general condition becomes depressed, but in most cases it is the result of regular lack of sleep and fatigue from severe symptoms.
- The skin and hair noticeably shrivel up and deteriorate, the figure also changes.
The best gynecologists
Tablets from menopause
The reproductive activity of all women is not unlimited, with time it stops, and this has its own designation - menopause. Also, this phenomenon is also called menopause. It explains everything.
Climax in women
When behind a carefree childhood, active youth, grown children and a well-established career, everyone begins to wonder what next. Especially about the upcoming begin to tirelessly remind gray.
Symptoms of menopausal syndrome
It is never too early to learn about menopause in women for symptoms and treatment in order to properly prepare for it and understand what to expect. The meaning of life for every woman is the need to be always.