Any future mother wonders how her baby is developing.
Doctors say that the most important are the first months of the situation, when vital organs are formed, but nevertheless it is impossible to single out any period of importance, since the process of pregnancy is very exciting.
33 weeks is considered one of the most "productive" in the development of the baby, so it is important to know: 33 week of pregnancy - what happens to the baby and mother?
How does the fetus develop in week 33?
The baby in the eighth month of pregnancy weighs about two kilograms and is up to 45 cm tall, babies can be less, especially if the mother is waiting for twins.
From 33 weeks, you must carefully monitor your own weight, eat properly and regularly so that the child receives all the necessary components for growth. The approximate size of the head - 83 cm, chest - 86 cm.
Pregnancy for 33 weeks is characterized not by growth, but by a decline in fetal activity, during this period young mothers are especially often worried about the condition of the baby.
Rare shocks are more tangible and even painful - this is a common phenomenon, since the baby does not have enough space in the uterus, its movements can signal that the child is growing in the womb.
Fetal development at the 33rd week of pregnancy
Most of the time the child rests, curled up, when he gets tired in one position, he turns over or stretches, this can be traced to the state of the future mother's belly.
The organs of the baby begin to prepare for birth: the lungs produce surfactant, so babies born prematurely can already breathe on their own. Also, the liver and pancreas are working hard, but the stomach will not be able to get used to the consumption of food for a long time, so after birth, many children begin to have colic.
The gestational age of 33 weeks is the time of an increase in the brain convolutions, the final stages of the maturation of the heart, the consolidation of the bones (excluding the skull), and the increase in the heartbeat to 120 beats per minute. In the eighth month, the growth of the nail plate ends, the formation of feelings - now the child hears and discerns voices, recognizes touch.
It is necessary to talk with the child more often and sincerely rejoice and laugh, because the child actively “repeats” the emotions behind the mother - she is happy and sad with her.
The baby has character and even habits - he knows when he wants to eat, sleep and play with his mother.
Ultrasound at 33 weeks
An important stage in the formation of the appearance of the baby - pregnancy 33 weeks. What does a child look like? This question interests young parents constantly.
To find out if the baby is ready for birth, an ultrasound is done at week 33, the head, abdomen, limbs are measured, and the internal organs are measured. Thus, it turns out that not only the child’s readiness, but also the mother’s readiness for childbirth.
As a result, an ultrasound specialist usually writes a general conclusion, making it based on the proportionality of the size of the fetus, the state of the placenta and the umbilical cord. The normal thickness of the umbilical cord is 3 cm.
Fetal ultrasound at the 33rd week
Features of the development of the baby in this period:
- formation of immunity, endocrine system, central nervous system,
- boys' testicles go down,
- there is an accumulation of subcutaneous fat in a child,
- fine hairs disappear on the body.
Tip: with the slightest changes in well-being, it is necessary to consult a doctor, also 33 weeks are the next ultrasound, which clearly shows the sex of the unborn child.
Well-being of the future mother
Parents are worried about two nuances: a 33-week pregnancy is the development of the fetus and the sensation of a woman.
Swelling of the legs at a late stage of pregnancy
It turns out that the mother does not notice any new changes in her condition; the following sensations continue to bother her:
- It is difficult for a woman to do physical work, climb the upper floors of houses,
- problems with the stomach, digestive organs, irregular stools or vice versa too frequent,
- feeling of constant fullness of the bladder due to an increase in the fetus,
- involuntary urine leakage
- frequent swelling - it is advised to wear loose clothing,
- heaviness in the legs and lower back, especially towards the end of the day,
- feeling the tension of the skin on the abdomen, itching,
- sleep problems: difficulty falling asleep or constant feeling of tiredness,
- mood swings.
Experts claim that the last months of pregnancy will be easier in terms of physical condition, but for some women, their well-being can be aggravated against the background of excitement about the approaching birth.
Pregnancy at 33 weeks - pain in the lower abdomen signals the approach of the moment of birth. The uterus begins to fall, which means that the load on the lungs, stomach, intestines and heart will decrease significantly, but the pressure on the bladder and legs may increase.
At 8 months of pregnancy, you need to walk more, breathe fresh air, relax, practice your favorite hobbies, communicate with loved ones and not worry.
Walking pregnant in the eighth month of pregnancy
Weight control is the main factor that allows women to ease their well-being. It is necessary to eat in moderation, exclude evening and night snacks.
A normal weight gain every week is 200-300 grams. A strong weight gain indicates regular overeating or edema, which should subside after giving birth.
For all 33 weeks a woman gains about 8-12 kg.
Women sometimes feel strange measured tremors inside the abdomen, it should not worry her, because the baby hiccups.
According to some data, this indicates that the child develops the diaphragm and lungs, according to others - this is due to the ingestion of amniotic fluid - this is how he learns to swallow.
Complications of a woman’s condition
For the mother, this time may be the beginning of the development of preeclampsia - edema, therefore, doctors strongly recommend to pass urine for tests more often and to monitor the appearance of edema. If they do not fall down, you should contact your healthcare professional.
You should also measure the volume of fluid consumed and the volume of urine. If a woman consumes a lot of fluids, but rarely goes to the toilet - this question is worth the attention of the doctor.
A possible complication can be detachment of the placenta wall from the uterus, and detachment can occur without serious consequences, as well as hard, with large bleeding from the vagina. For the fetus, it is dangerous to develop hypoxia and even death.
Possible detachment of the placenta wall from the uterus at the 33rd week of pregnancy
Symptoms of the disease are as follows:
- changing the shape of the abdomen or uterus,
- sharp lower abdominal pain.
At the first symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor so that he prescribes further treatment. Basically, it consists in hemostatic therapy, rest and constant monitoring of the condition of the fetus.
In extreme cases, when the placenta has departed completely, a cesarean section is made to the woman in order to save the baby.
A dangerous complication is premature birth. Often children are born prematurely. The first signs of birth during pregnancy 33 weeks are:
- severe abdominal pain, pressure in the back, pelvic bones, perineum,
- frequent, long bouts
- discharge of water
- bleeding from the vagina.
Any of these indicators can cause a doctor's call and a trip to the hospital.
Discharge at week 33
Yellowish watery discharge from the chest indicates the preparation of the mammary glands for feeding.
Normal vaginal discharge has a white, milky or yellowish, odorless shade. All other selections are talking about violations.
Often, light discharge acquires a cheesy consistency, which indicates the development of thrush - this is normal for pregnant women, but you still need to consult with a specialist. The doctor must prescribe a course of treatment to exclude the possibility of infecting the child during childbirth.
Analyzes at week 33
In the eighth month, ultrasound is usually prescribed, where the necessary measurements of the fetus are taken, checking its condition.
At week 33, the date of birth is assigned more accurately. Often make a cardiogram and dopplerometry of the fetus.
Before going to the doctor, urine and blood tests are also done. A specialist examines the state of a woman’s internal organs, makes a measurement of the uterus, vagina, abdominal circumference and pressure.
Pregnancy is a process that requires constant monitoring and a serious approach. Week 33 is an important stage in the development of the fetus, and can also become a period when mothers have unpleasant sensations, pain begins, so you should consult a gynecologist at the first unknown symptoms.
The key to successful delivery of childbirth is peace and spending time at your favorite activity.
Fetal characteristics at 33 weeks gestation
- By this time, the work of the central systems of the body is almost fully established: endocrine, nervous, immune.
- The heart of the baby is growing and improving.
- The brain of the children is actively developing, and its nerve cells are in the stage of coupling.
- Already, the thickness of the walls of blood vessels has increased markedly, which contributes to their tonus.
- The kidneys of the child independently filter the blood, separate the waste of its metabolism
- The muscle mass of your child continues to strengthen, and parts of his body become more proportional.
- You know, and yet the child at 33 weeks of pregnancy already sees his first dreams! This is confirmed by the movement of the pupils when the fetus is in a state of rapid sleep.
The movement of the baby, height and weight
All the less space for a little restless left in my mother's stomach, and at this stage of pregnancy there is almost impossible to roll over freely. Your child is quite strong, and his pushes with legs in the area of your ribs are now difficult to disregard.
Do not forget to control the intensity of fetal movements. In general, it’s normal for a pregnancy period of 33 weeks of perturbation to remain at the level of last month’s indicators - you feel at least 10 perturbations for 2 hours.
If you do not feel for a couple of hours before 10 movements, you should inform the doctor about it.
On the period of pregnancy of 33 weeks, the weight of the child, as well as all its dimensions, is increasing rapidly. Now the weight of the fetus is about 2 kilograms, while your baby stretched to almost 45 cm.
What changes in the body of a pregnant
Continue to closely monitor not only your own well-being, but also your weight and its gains. Do not forget about walking in the fresh air and such an important aspect as proper nutrition.
If you are observing high blood pressure, do not rush to fight it. Be sure to tell the doctor, because with preeclampsia, the increased pressure of the mother acts as a protective mechanism, protecting the baby. Also consult with your doctor about whether you are allowed to have sex in the 33rd week of pregnancy, and whether it is dangerous for the baby.
Are you pushed by a kid's pushing in the ribs? Find yourself a more comfortable position. It is possible that the child is just uncomfortable at this moment.
Most expectant mothers love to do on this period not only the photo of the fetus, but also to photograph their own tummies. You will get extraordinary pleasure from a memory photo of a baby ultrasound along with pictures of your belly!
Now, a pregnant woman may experience puffiness, heartburn, shortness of breath, pain in the back and lower back, sensations when the stomach is stony, constipation and leucorrhea, frequent urination.
Moreover, 33 weeks of pregnancy may well add several new symptoms: discomfort in the pelvic region, caused by pelvic floor dilation, pain in the hypochondrium, caused by pressure from the enlarged uterus.
Soreness in the back (sacrum, spine, lower back) is a consequence of the increased load, which is caused by an increase in your weight and the subsequent displacement of the center of gravity. To prevent such pains, it is necessary to monitor the posture, give rest to the back and spine, if there are no contraindications - wear a bandage before childbirth.
Perceptible leg pain and leg fatigue are also due to your current situation. Daily foot massage and cool foot baths will help reduce pain. When lying down, try to raise your legs to a higher position.
Reduce the risk of leg cramps will help proper nutrition in the 33rd week of pregnancy. Include more high calcium foods in your diet.
Practically all the painful sensations that now occur in a pregnant woman are not dangerous and temporary. All of them after the birth of the baby will eventually disappear.
Why can stomach ache
With a successful pregnancy, a woman at this time does not experience pain in the abdomen. Therefore, when abdominal tenderness appears, tell your doctor in detail about the nature of these sensations.
Stinging and painless training fights you are already familiar. From the 33rd week of pregnancy, a woman may have several painful uterine contractions confirming the high tone of the uterus.
Do not worry if there are light and nagging pains in the abdomen. The reason for the excitement in this case becomes the increase and increase of such contractions, accompanied by very severe pain. These symptoms may indicate that you may have a preterm birth at 33 weeks of pregnancy.
Abdominal tenderness may be a sign of placental abruption. Often with placental abruption, there is a discharge of blood, and there may be internal bleeding. Pathology of the placenta can be indicated by pain in the lumbar region and painful sensations in the uterus. Such a picture requires immediate treatment.
The nature of the discharge at week 33
For this gestational age, the rate of vaginal discharge of the previous weeks remains unchanged. Vaginal discharge should be moderate, uniform consistency, light or light milky color, with the presence of a light sour-milk smell.
Any changes in vaginal discharge at week 33 require a pregnant woman to consult a doctor immediately.
If you have yellow, green, gray, purulent discharge, there is curdiness, flakes or mucus, there is a sharp and unpleasant smell and there is a noticeable discomfort in the genital area caused by swelling, burning and itching - such signs clearly indicate the accession of an infectious disease of the genitals .
Hurry up to see a doctor who can not only make an accurate diagnosis, but also prescribe a mandatory course of treatment. Only by completely treating the infection of the genital tract, you can avoid the danger of intrauterine infection of the baby.
The appearance in the vaginal discharge of blood often indicates the presentation or detachment of the placenta. Both of these conditions are considered very dangerous for the normal course of pregnancy itself and the further development of your baby. Therefore, even a small presence of blood in the discharge requires an immediate response from the woman. Immediately call an ambulance, noticing a smearing brown or bloody discharge.
The appearance of abundant yellowish watery discharge may indicate a discharge of water. This picture suggests that premature birth may have begun in the 33rd week of pregnancy, which can no longer be stopped. The woman's actions - immediately call an ambulance for delivery to the hospital!
An unsafe amount of yellowish liquid watery discharge is also considered a dangerous condition. Similar symptoms indicate the presence of amniotic fluid leakage, which indicates damage to the membranes. Amniotic fluid can flow not only once. She can leak in small portions, which becomes noticeable for a woman by the appearance of a high humidity sensation in the genital area.
Even the slightest suspicion of leakage of amniotic fluid should be a signal to a woman to see a doctor! Any violation of the integrity of the fetal membranes carries the risk of intrauterine infection of the baby within the next 24 hours.
What will tell ultrasound
Ultrasonography at the 33rd week of pregnancy allows the doctor to evaluate the structure and work of the child’s internal organs, the degree of his development, and the size of the baby. When performing an ultrasound, the doctor looks at whether the baby is entwined with the umbilical cord. In the study focuses on the heart activity of the fetus, its physical activity is assessed.
Also confirm the location of the baby in the uterus ultrasound 33 weeks of pregnancy. The rate for childbirth and the most physiological position of the crumbs - head down. If a woman has a gluteal or pelvic presentation, a consultation is held on the choice of the optimal method of delivery.
Next, the doctor necessarily assesses the condition of the uterus of the woman, the place of attachment and location of the placenta, the quantity and quality of amniotic fluid. Ultrasound examination of the characteristics of the amniotic fluid will make it possible to eliminate the lack of water and high water in the 33rd week of pregnancy.
33 week gestation: what happens to the fetus
Вес нормы плода на 33 неделе беременности составляет около 2 кг, а рост – 44 см. Появляется вероятность, что плод на 33 неделе беременности перевернется, но она очень низкая. Увеличившаяся в размерах матка сдерживает движения плода, и теперь он движет ручками-ножками, шевелится, однако в пределах занятого к этому времени положения. The baby is pushing more and more as it grows and grows stronger. The brain is already fully formed, the child experiences emotions with her mother, the senses are involved in the work: he sees, hears, feels the taste and parses the smells.
If he doesn’t like her mother’s perfume or other strong odors, the mother can feel the child’s displeasure on how actively he begins to move. Of course, the work of the nervous system is still imperfect and not established, but the active formation of neural connections is already running. The child experiences his own emotions, occupies himself with a game, sees dreams. His body becomes more proportionate. Thin lanugo hairs disappear from the surface of the body. Thermal control system works. Endocrine, cardiovascular, digestive systems function, immunity is formed. Excretory organs are already capable of urination. The pulmonary system matures, but will reach its final formation only in childbirth.
An ultrasound scan conducted at week 33 will provide information about the condition of the fetus: the activity of its movements, the absence of developmental abnormalities. The ultrasound diagnostic doctor will measure the parameters of the fetus, assess the heartbeat, the location of the fetus and entanglement with its umbilical cord, if any. If the sex of the child is still unknown, the doctor can give this information. But if this time it was not possible to consider the signs of gender due to the closed location of the child, it is unlikely to find out the sex later, since the child is unlikely to turn. The doctor-uzist assesses the state of amniotic fluid (their quantity, transparency), placenta (thickness, degree of maturity), the uterus and its cervix. (Pregnancy at week 33 is shown in the video below)
To undergo an ultrasound at this time is an important point, since the doctor will be able to determine if there is a pathology of the course of pregnancy or an abnormality in the development of the fetus, and decide in time for early delivery. After the ultrasound, the date of the expected birth will be updated again in accordance with the new information received - this procedure applies to each ultrasound scan. The doctor will decide on the method of taking birth and, if indicated, will make adjustments to the ongoing medical support. But these measures are rather a safety net and, in the overwhelming majority of cases, are carried out to make sure that the pregnancy proceeds normally and medical intervention is not required in the process.
Sex life at 33 weeks of pregnancy is quite possible if a pregnant woman looks regularly and doctors say that there is no threat to pregnancy. But you must not forget about some points. Male sperm has a relaxing effect on the cervix and is a stimulant of labor. Therefore, during sexual intercourse, you should use a condom or not to allow the ejaculate to enter the vagina. Sometimes, for example, in case of delayed delivery, this property of the ejaculate may play a positive role. However, not at this time. Of course, sudden movements are excluded. When choosing the behavior of the pair should be guided by common sense. Any pain and discomfort are excluded.
Belly to 33 weeks of pregnancy, the belly rises as high as possible. It supports the diaphragm, lungs, and digestive organs. In connection with this, shortness of breath, heartburn, and painful sensations in the hypochondrium develop, because the child’s legs abut there. The further course of pregnancy brings a certain relief, because the stomach begins to shift downward under the weight of the child. The fetus gains weight, every day it accumulates an average of about 20 g. Shortness of breath, heartburn go away, but the load on the spine increases, the center of gravity shifts. Mom should be very careful in his movements, so that the grown belly would not pull her along and not lead to a fall.
Special care should be taken in the bathroom to avoid slipping on a wet surface. The skin of the abdomen is increasingly stretched, it should be moistened.
Loose clothing is preferable to the one that tightly wraps the belly. During the next inspection, the gynecologist will carry out an external examination of the abdomen, measure its circumference, look at how high it is raised, propulp it, listen to the fetal heartbeat. The weighing procedure will allow the doctor to estimate how many kilograms gained by this gestation period, whether it is possible to assume the formation of a large fetus or the presence of a large amount of amniotic fluid. In combination with other instrumental data, this is an important criterion for assessing the condition of the fetus and a pregnant woman.
What you need to know about the 33rd week of pregnancy
The duration of a normal pregnancy is 40 weeks. This period corresponds to 10 obstetric months or 280 days. As for the 33rd week of intrauterine development of the fetus, it opens the last, 9th month of pregnancy and includes 231 days. If you know that the obstetric month is 28 days in duration (rather than 30, as usual), then you can easily calculate that the duration of the entire pregnancy is slightly more than 9 months on the calendar.
The growth of the baby reaches 44 cm, and there is a risk that during this period the crumb can roll over. The baby rests against the wall of the uterus and they restrain its movement. The child still moves the arms and legs, but within the limited space it is much more difficult for him to do this.
The brain is fully formed, the senses begin to function well in the crumbs. He feels mother's emotions, tastes, smells, hears and sees.
If the child does not like, for example, the fragrance of mother's perfume, then he will push more actively, as if to speak of his displeasure.
The baby’s body acquires proportional features, the lanugo original hairs disappear from the body, and the thermoregulation system begins its active work. The baby already has the following body systems:
Excretion organs can already produce urine on their own. The pulmonary system also gradually matures, but it will reach the final phase of its maturation only at the time of birth.
Conducting an ultrasound will allow the gynecologist to determine the condition of the fetus and the degree of its development. Also, the results of the ultrasound are determined by the following parameters:
- Gender baby (if this information not yet known),
- location of the fetus (head or buttocks previa),
- whether the baby is wrapped in a umbilical cord,
- What is the condition of the amniotic fluid (their volume and degree of transparency),
- the degree of maturity and thickness of the placenta, uterine cervix and the uterus itself,
- the presence of pathologies of pregnancy and fetus.
In general, an ultrasound scan at this time is necessary in order to determine how the birth will be taken, whether it is necessary to make changes in the medical support of the pregnant woman when the birth is completed.
The whole complex of such measures is needed rather to ensure the normal course of pregnancy and the absence of the need for medical intervention.
The appearance of mucous secretions (indicating the escape of mucus plug, which protects the crumbs from exposure to infection from the outside) or liquid clear secretions is a signal to stop sex. There is no defense now, and bacteria can easily penetrate to the fetus and cause developmental pathologies.
If bleeding occurs, you should immediately consult a doctor, because there is a big risk that there has been a placental abruption.
The presence of watery discharge indicates that amniotic fluid is leaking. if there are many of them, it is likely that preterm labor has begun.
Pay attention to the quantity and quality of discharge.
- The presence of pathology is evidenced by a change in the consistency of whiter on foaming, flaky, cheesy, lumpy.
- Purulent, yellow, green discharge also indicates a growing infection in the body.
- There is a risk of acute candidiasis (thrush), which should be cured before childbirth, so that the infant does not become infected.
- Do not panic if there is a discharge from the chest. This is colostrum.
If the pregnancy is proceeding normally, then 7 weeks is left before the birth. Births at the 33rd week are considered premature, the baby is not yet ready for a full-fledged existence, but is completely viable.
If the baby, who was born ahead of time, will be provided with proper care, he is quite capable of quickly “catching up” the missing period outside the maternal abdomen.
Sometimes during this period, childbirth occurs as recommended by the doctors. The respiratory system of the baby can already function, but it has not yet been completely formed, and therefore requires the use of special medical devices to support the infant.
Among the main dangers of this period are:
- late toxicosis, which is accompanied by weakness and nausea, and also requires immediate intervention by doctors and, most likely, inpatient treatment,
- there are pains caused by the stagnation of fluid in the body of the future mother, and accompanied by unpleasant sensations and tingling in the whole body and limbs,
- uterus tone occurs more often, and if it is accompanied by pain and high frequency, then immediate medical consultation is required.
Recommendations to the future mother
To determine the condition of the baby and the woman herself, on the 33rd week of pregnancy, the doctor can prescribe an additional ultrasound, as well as cardiotocography and Doppler procedures. Do not neglect them, because they will help to identify various pathologies of fetal development.
- Start preparing for the upcoming delivery. Read the literature on this topic, but in moderation so that you do not have anxiety about the upcoming event.
- If you have changed the color and consistency of the discharge - pass a smear on the microflora.
- If the mucus plug has departed, be sure to inform your doctor as this is a sign of the onset of labor.
- Do not try to squeeze out colostrum from the breast. If the primary milk appears, then gently wipe the breast with a clean cloth and more often follow the rules of body hygiene.
- Drink less liquid at night so that your sleep is not disturbed by frequent visits to the toilet.
- To eliminate pelvic pain, wear a bandage and go swimming. You can reduce pain by adopting a knee-elbow position.
- Control your weight and do not allow it to increase dramatically.
- Watch your posture, do not hunch.
- Do not walk and do not stand too long, rest lying down, lying on your left side. Try to sit on the chairs with the back.
- Choose comfortable shoes to reduce discomfort in areas exposed to heavy loads.
- Sleep in a dark, cool and well-ventilated room.
- Observe a gentle regimen to prevent headaches.
- More often walk in the fresh air, eat properly, do not overwork and try to get more positive emotions.
- Be careful of the movements so that the big belly does not pull you forward, and does not provoke a fall and injury.
- Be especially careful in the bathroom, as there are wet surfaces where you can slip.
- Moisturize the skin of the abdomen more often, as it is increasingly stretched and loses its elasticity.
- Give preference to clothes free cut.