Man's health

What are the differences between cystitis and urethritis?


Discomfort when urinating is always unpleasant. There are several reasons for the manifestation of such painful sensations and the most common are urethritis and cystitis. What is the difference between urethritis and cystitis, what is the difference? Often, the course of these two diseases is similar. They can be installed in both men and women, there are often cases of inflammation of the urinary organs and in children.

Inflammation of the urethra (urethra) is a sign of urethritis. The cause of the disease can be pathogenic flora, the penetration of genital infections in the urethra. Pathogens can be gonococcal, staphylococcal microorganisms, gardnerella, intestinal sticks. Cases of traumatic and allergic urethritis.

With these features of the disease marked spasm and expansion of the walls of the urethra without the inflammatory process. This disease is most common in men, due to the structure of the urethra. A urethra longer than in women protects the bladder from infection. When the disease becomes chronic, prostatitis may develop in men.

Often the cause of infection is unprotected sexual contact with a sick person. The disease manifests itself after the incubation period. Urethritis is characterized by sharp pain, burning during emptying, purulent discharge from the urethra.

The causes of urethritis can be:

  1. Damage to the urethra during catheterization or cystoscopy, as well as with urolithiasis damage may result from the passage of stones through the urethra.
  2. Diseases of the genital organs, venereal diseases.
  3. The presence of tumors of malignant nature.
  4. Poor blood circulation in the pelvis.

The spread of inflammation in the bladder wall is called cystitis. In most cases, the disease spreads to women and girls, due to the short urethra and the wider bladder. The cause of the disease can be venereal diseases, penetration of the intestinal bacilli into the urethra.

Inflammation may start in case of severe hypothermia or as a result of injuries. Failure of personal hygiene, as well as the natural abnormalities of the structure of the genitourinary system in children are the causes of frequent inflammation of the bladder. Cystitis can manifest as aching pains in the lower abdomen, distention and heaviness.

Cystitis for men is a sign of an extremely serious infection and severe inflammation. Therapeutic intervention should begin immediately. The transition of cystitis in the chronic form for men can cause benign and even malignant tumor formations.

Common symptoms

There are several similar symptoms that characterize cystitis and urethritis:

  • the need for frequent urination,
  • painful emptying
  • emptying in small portions,
  • the appearance of a strong smell of urine,
  • discoloration of urine, the presence of blood.

The presence of such symptoms indicates the need for urgent treatment to the doctor. It is difficult to understand the nature of the disease. Urethritis and cystitis are difficult to detect in children. Describe exactly where the pain is localized, the child almost can not.

On examination, the doctor noted pain in the lower abdomen, in the pubic area. Determining the nature of the disease for children of the first year of life is particularly difficult. After several tests, the diagnosis is given.

The main differences

The main difference between cystitis and urethritis is the location of the inflammatory process.

Urethritis and cystitis have characteristic symptoms for each disease. For urethritis, itching during urination, the appearance of purulent discharge from the urethral canal, pain in the pubic zone. After a night's sleep, the patient may feel that it is impossible to urinate, the feeling that the canal is stuck together. When the canal is inflamed, there is rarely a decrease in the overall tone of the body, but cystitis will be characterized by fever and weakness.

To determine which disease, cystitis or urethritis, occurs in a patient can be determined by the results of laboratory tests. For the general analysis of urine, the doctor prescribes a sample according to Nichiporenko, as a result of which the exact number of leukocytes and red blood cells in urine is taken into account.

The high content of these components in the urine, five times the normal level, indicates the presence of inflammation of the urethra - urethritis. Cystitis is detected at higher levels of white blood cells and red blood cells in the urine.

There is another indicator of the difference between cystitis and urethritis - an allergic reaction. Urethritis never becomes a consequence of an allergy. Cystitis, on the other hand, can develop in the case of improperly chosen hygiene products, colored or scented toilet paper, washing powder or laundry rinse.

Video: Urethritis in women.

Diagnosis and treatment

Turning for help with pain during urination in a medical institution, I want to understand how to distinguish between cystitis and urethritis can be a doctor. The first thing a doctor should do is examine the patient and note the following symptoms:

  1. The presence of discharge from the urethral canal, which is the first sign of urethritis.
  2. Palpation of the lower abdomen, pubic zone and lower back.

Based on the test results, confirming the diagnosis, the doctor prescribes treatment.

Often these two diseases can occur simultaneously. Therapy for both diseases is practically the same, but the definition of an accurate diagnosis is necessary to identify the causative agent of inflammation and exclude abnormalities in the structure of the organs of the urinary system.

The treatment takes place at home, but hospitalization may be required in case of purulent formations or the need for surgical intervention.

Diet and drinking regimen for treating diseases of the urinary organs should be respected throughout the course. Food and drinks containing high amounts of sugar and salt, as well as carbonated, should be excluded from the diet.

The doctor prescribes treatment with several groups of drugs:

  • Antibiotics - the main and integral part of the treatment of diseases in the event that the causative agent of inflammation was the penetration of infection into the urethra and bladder. In general, antibiotics are prescribed in pills, but in case of a prolonged course of the disease and inactivity of the drug, intramuscular injections can also be prescribed.
  • Painkillers - allow you to remove pain and get the opportunity to empty, without feeling discomfort.
  • Antihistamines - may be prescribed by a doctor to relieve swelling in the canal or bladder to relieve symptoms, but are not an indispensable tool in the treatment of cystitis or urethritis.
  • Candles - these drugs are prescribed to patients with a violation of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as during pregnancy. More candles can be assigned to restore the vaginal and urethral flora after antibiotic therapy.
  • Immunomodulators are prescribed to improve the general condition of the body and reduce the duration of the disease. The use of such drugs for cystitis is particularly relevant, since the penetration of the infection through the urethral canal indicates its inability to cope or delay the infection and the need for support with the help of medicines.
  • Herbal medicine - the appointment of traditional medicine, diuretic teas, decoctions of herbs and berry fruit drinks with anti-inflammatory and diuretic properties, the attending physician for the combined treatment of urethritis and cystitis will accelerate recovery.

To prevent recurrence of cystitis or urethritis, preventive measures should be observed. Observance of personal hygiene, the use of hypoallergenic means for washing and washing. Use a condom in case of sexual contact with a new partner.

It will also be effective to use a special gel designed for intimate hygiene and to prevent the occurrence of urogenital infections. They contain lactic acid, which support the microflora of the genital organs and the urethra, thus forming protection against the entry of infections.

What is cystitis?

This name is a disease in which the inflammatory process occurs in the bladder. The disease is considered typically female and is very rarely diagnosed in men. The fact is that the short and wide female urethra plays the role of a springboard through which the pathogenic bacteria quickly and easily enter the bladder, provoking an inflammatory process there.

By the way, an important factor that makes a woman very vulnerable to cystitis is the structure of her genitals. The vagina is located close to the anus, and in the rectum there are many bacteria that do not harm the intestines, but can cause a catastrophe if they fall into the bladder.

What is urethritis?

Despite the fact that cystitis is a problem of the fair sex, signs of urethritis in women are very rare, despite the direct link between these two diseases. Men suffer from urethritis more often, because their urethra is about 14 cm or even more, and in the weaker sex it is only 6-8 cm. Therefore, bacteria that enter the urethra do not have time to reach the bladder in most cases and remain in the urethra. where they become the cause of the inflammatory process.

Typical symptoms

Since the diseases are very similar and interrelated, you can observe the similarity of symptoms:

  • the patient always wants to go to the toilet,
  • the interval between urination is less than half an hour,
  • a very small amount of urine is released,
  • when urinating a strong cutting pain and burning sensation is felt,
  • possible retention of urine,
  • the temperature rises, the patient is in a fever,
  • there are particles of blood in the urine that can either be seen without special devices (the liquid takes on a pink hue) or can be recognized by analysis,
  • the patient feels worse, fatigue occurs, nausea and vomiting are possible.

Can the signs of disease differ?

One can distinguish one disease from another by some symptoms that do not coincide in diseases. The main differences between cystitis and urethritis can be presented in the form of the following table:

If the patient is tormented by the question of how to distinguish between cystitis and urethritis, you should carefully observe your health and symptoms, and then, of course, immediately consult a doctor for the correct treatment of the problem.

In general, the main difference between these two diseases is the localization of the inflammatory process: in cystitis, the bladder is affected, and in urethritis, the urethra.

Causes of disease

Since diseases belong to the same sphere and are very similar, the causes of their occurrence are also similar. Cystitis and urethritis occur when bacteria are released into the urethra, usually because of:

  • infections,
  • some gynecological and urological diseases,
  • inaccurate medical procedures, such as catheterization,
  • urolithiasis, in which the pebbles go out with the urine and scratch the inner surface of the urethra, causing inflammation.

In addition to these reasons, factors triggering the development of cystitis are:

  • wearing close synthetic underwear,
  • the use of aggressive means for intimate hygiene or toilet paper with fragrance,
  • frequent hypothermia and wet feet,
  • non-compliance with personal hygiene,
  • careless intercourse, which injures the urethral opening,
  • the abnormal structure of the urethra, which can usually be corrected only by surgery.

Since cystitis is often a consequence of urethritis, the above causes of inflammation in the bladder are also characteristic of the inflammatory process in the urethra. But often urethritis can also be triggered by:

  • blood stagnation in the pelvic veins,
  • cancers,
  • trauma to the urethra.

Diagnostic methods

Both diseases are diagnosed in the same way. First of all, the attending physician should carefully listen to all the complaints of the patient and determine the main symptoms of the disease. Then a visual inspection and palpation is required.

Also, when inflammation of the bladder is often felt pain in the suprapubic area during palpation.

The most important role is played by urine analysis, which assesses its appearance, smell and texture, as well as the content of hemoglobin, protein, as well as erythrocytes and leukocytes, which may indicate an inflammatory process in the body.

Treatment of diseases

Both diseases, as a rule, do not require hospitalization, only in case of serious complications or the spread of inflammation in the kidneys, the doctor can put the patient in the hospital. The treatment of cystitis and urethritis is carried out with the help of antibacterial and antimicrobial preparations; it is possible to determine which drugs should be used according to the results of bacteriological inoculation. Usually, bakposev is made within 4-7 days, and prior to obtaining results, broad-spectrum antibiotics are prescribed to the patient.

Major antibiotics and antimicrobials

In the presence of an inflammatory process, it is necessary first of all to get rid of its root cause - pathogenic bacteria or viruses. The drugs mainly used are Monural, Palin, Furagin, Nolitsin, Tsifran, etc.

In no case can you select an antibiotic yourself, especially in cases of chronic disease, because over time, the pathogens can adapt to the effects of certain antibiotics and the necessary beneficial effect will no longer be provided. All questions need to be consulted with a doctor, otherwise cystitis or urethritis cannot be cured.

Herbal Medicines

Such medicines help well in the treatment of cystitis and urethritis, but it is important to remember that they should not be used as a primary tool, but as a concomitant to eliminate ailments and improve well-being. The main drugs for cystitis and urethritis on the basis of plants include Monurel, Fitolysin, Urolesan, Canephron, Fitonephron.

Prevention of cystitis and urethritis

In order that these problems never bother you, you need to remember about the methods of prevention of such diseases. First of all, you need to carefully monitor your immune system and take on time the preparations that will help strengthen the body to fight against pathogenic bacteria and viruses. Do not forget about vitamins: if you can not constantly eat fresh vegetables and fruits, you need to buy multivitamins and do not forget to take them regularly.

Be sure to remember about personal hygiene, because often it is its non-compliance entails the appearance of unpleasant urethritis and cystitis. For washing it is not necessary to use soap, which dries the mucous membrane, and it is better to buy a special soft intimate gel. You can not wear synthetic underwear and especially thongs that help bacteria get from the anus to the urethra.

The sexual partner of a person should be constant, it is desirable to use a condom, especially during anal sex. Be sure to change the condom after changing the type of sexual acts. Do not get involved in too aggressive and abrupt sex, as this will contribute to the irritation of the urethral opening in a woman and, as a result, the occurrence of urethritis and, subsequently, cystitis.

Compliance with all these simple rules will help to forget what the frequent recurrences of inflammatory diseases are, and feel great.

How is cystitis different from urethritis?

Cystitis many confused with urethritis, and although urethritis, usually occurs more often than cystitis, both diseases are popularly called cystitis.

Doctors themselves, at times, also do not make a difference and write a diagnosis "cystitis", since, these diseases often accompany each other and occur simultaneously.

But, cystitis and urethritis they can proceed separately and radically differ in both the localization of the inflammatory process and the main symptoms.

Cystitis and urethritis in women and girls

Cystitis and urethritis Both adults and children are ill, including newborns. Cystitis and urethritis in children most often occur at the age of 7 years. Girls are sick cystitis much more often than boys because of the short urethra, through which the infection gets into the bladder faster in an ascending way. Due to the nature of the anatomical structure in women and girls cystitis occurs 3 times more often than in men, therefore, women are more often diagnosed cystitisand men - urethritis. Cystitis and urethritis - The most common diseases of the urinary tract in women and girls.

Symptoms of cystitis and urethritis

Urethritis - This is an acute infectious inflammation of the walls of the urethra, so the disease is in a very painful form.

Cystitisalso has an infectious nature and is an infectious inflammation of the bladder mucosa. Due to localization featurescystitis, usually proceeds less painfully than urethritis.

Cystitis accompanied by such simtomes, as heaviness, dull pains and lower abdomen in the bladder area.

With urethritis there are no such sensations, however urethritis symptoms expressed much more clearly and manifest as pain, pain and burning during urination and inability to urinate due to severe pain.

how cystitis, so and urethritis may be accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • frequent urging to the toilet,
  • pains and cramps when urinating,
  • urinating in small portions of urine,
  • urine retention and inability to urinate normally,
  • fever, fever, chills,
  • loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting,
  • hematuria (presence of hidden blood in the urine).

Treatment of cystitis and urethritis

Treatment cystitis and urethritis carried out almost the same drugs. Since the inflammatory process in the urinary tract is infectious, antibiotics and uroseptics are used for treatment.

Usually, a doctor empirically prescribes broad-spectrum antibiotics, such as: Digran (ciprofloxacin), Bisespol (co-trimoxazole), Amoxicillin, Agumetin or Amoxiclav (amoxicillin + clavulanic acid) and etc.

If the antibiotic does not help, bacteriological urine culture is carried out to determine the sensitivity of microflora to a particular drug.

In addition, for the treatment of cystitis and urethritis herbal preparations uroseptics are widely used:

All sick cystitis and urethritis recommended abundant drinking, tea, juice, jelly. Especially helpful cranberry juicewhich acidifies urine and prevents adhesion (sticking) of bacteria to the mucous membranes of the urinary tract. A vitamin preparation is prescribed to speed up the reparative processes. Aevit

Rapid treatment of cystitis and urethritis

Currently for quick treatment cystitis and urethritis antibiotic is very popular Monural (not to be confused with herbal medicine Monurelappointed as an aid). Manufacturer claim that Monural requires a single dose and eliminates the symptoms cystitis and urethritis in 2-3 days.

However, in practice it is better to carry out a double dose of the drug. It must be remembered that Monural - not a panacea at all, but only one of the recommended antibiotics for the treatment of cystitis and urethritis, caused by the most probable causative agents of the disease.

Prevention of cystitis and urethritis

Symptoms of diseases

From the definition of pathologies, it becomes clear that both diseases manifest themselves in inflammation of the mucous membrane of the urinary organs. The causes of both pathologies are similar and, moreover, the clinic has many of the same symptoms. But there are still differences and it is important to take them into account during the diagnosis of diseases. This will reduce the duration of treatment.

Despite the fact that patients often confuse cystitis with urethritis symptoms, they still have their differences. The main symptoms of cystitis include:

  • discomfort during the passage of urine,
  • increased urine odor,
  • the color of the urine changes, impurities appear,
  • women have abdominal pain.

Inflammation of the urethra is characterized by the following symptoms:

  • burning when urinating,
  • urethral discharge
  • urinary abnormalities,
  • in women, inflammation of the vagina.

What is the treatment of pathology?

Despite the fact that both diseases occur with their clinic and the reasons for their occurrence are sometimes the same, it is important to carry out a thorough diagnosis before starting treatment. For this purpose, the patient is examined. Already at this stage, you can notice discharge from the urethra, which is more characteristic of urethritis. Next, appointed by the laboratory study of urine and blood. As a result, it is possible to determine the localization of the inflammatory process and the type of pathogen, which is especially important when prescribing drugs.

Both pathologies are treated on an outpatient basis. Only in rare cases with purulent inflammation may hospitalization be required. Therapy includes the appointment of antibacterial drugs, vitamins and immunomodulators. Also important correction diet. Especially it is needed in cases where the main cause is injury or the consequences of surgery. Also, nutritional correction is required when there are stones and sand in the bladder.

Antibacterial drugs are selected based on the results of sowing sensitivity. It is important to note that antibiotics are used only if there is a pathogenic flora. The form of the drug is determined on the basis of the severity of the pathology, but practice shows that the tablet form is used more often and only in advanced cases injections are prescribed.

As an exception in the pathology of the gastrointestinal tract or with a large number of contraindications used antibacterial drugs in the form of suppositories. The same form of release is used during pregnancy in women.

With proper preparation of the treatment plan, the pathology can be eliminated within ten days. Termination of therapy is allowed only with a negative result on the pathological flora. After completing the course, it is recommended to carry out rehabilitation therapy with the use of drugs to normalize the intestinal microflora.

The video below provides additional information about urethritis:

Symptoms of cystitis

How to understand that sick cystitis? In adults, there is an increase in urination, that is, instead of the usual 3-4 times a day, it pulls into the toilet much more often, while the process itself causes pain. Often people who have experienced this unpleasant feeling describe it as a burning sensation. Urine often changes color, becomes turbid, it may appear blood and strong odor. In this disease, there is also a non-passing lower back pain and a general deterioration of well-being.

Children, like older ones, do not feel the symptoms so acutely. All that they may experience is nausea, fever and abdominal pain.

Causes of Cystitis

The causes of cystitis are bacteria from urinating into the bladder. The main reason is E. coli, which must live in the rectum, but pathogens are other bacteria or diseases.

Of course, the female sex is more susceptible to this disease than the male because of their internal structure of organs. Irritation of the external part of the orifice of the canal can also cause these symptoms. Some people have allergies when using:

  • deodorant
  • talcum powder
  • perfume soap for intimate hygiene,
  • colored toilet paper, most often with any odor.

More rarely, but children can also get sick with cystitis, in violation of the excrement output, it is caused by abnormalities, when urine is excreted in the opposite direction, into the ureters. With these symptoms, the baby needs to be examined by a doctor.

Older people as well as people with disabilities who have movement restrictions may also be at risk of contracting cystitis. It occurs due to the rather rare urination and the not completely empty bladder.

Those most at risk of becoming infected with this unpleasant disease are children and adults who have to endure for a very long time before being emptied. Much less often it may occur due to a tumor.

Symptoms of urethritis

Urethritis is a chronic or acute inflammation of the urethra. It is infectious and non-infectious.

Urethritis also begins with painful urination. If not treated already at this stage, then further purulent discharge will occur. Sometimes even external inflammations of the urethra occur.

The main signs of urethritis:

  • Inflammation of the entire urethra. This is similar to the symptoms of prostatitis. If not treated, the symptoms disappear by themselves. But after the complications begin.
  • Acute urethritis is determined by severe pain and burning during emptying, and the lips of the urethra swell up and become very red. Begin abundant discharge.
  • After passing the acute form comes subacute. When it is excreted, it stops or decreases, the urine loses its color, and the threads of pus are found in it.
  • Without treatment carried out in time, this disease can take a chronic form. Patients often speak of neurotic phenomena, small discharge may appear. Exacerbation occurs from hypothermia, taken alcohol or sexual arousal.

It is unacceptable to self-diagnose the disease and, moreover, self-medicate, since urethritis is easily confused with prostatitis, and unauthorized treatment can lead to undesirable consequences.

Causes of Urethritis

A disease that carries an infectious origin is transmitted sexually or when using personal hygiene items with another person.

Non-infectious urethritis can be earned from poorly disinfected medical instruments, urethral injuries, from allergic reactions, etc.

Types of Urethritis

Infectious urethritis is divided into the following types:

  • Bacterial. Most often arises from casual sex, long-term catheterization of the bladder, or transurethral endoscopic manipulations.
  • Gonorrheal. It also occurs during intercourse. And also transmitted through items of mass use, for example, a towel. This type of urethritis kills immunity, so there is a chance of becoming infected again.

  • Candidamicotic. Very rare species. Occurs with lesions of yeast urethra. Usually, long-term therapy from bacteria can become a catalyst, and it can also be earned sexually.
  • Viral. Occurs from the urethroconjunctivitis virus. Transmitted by sexual contact. Possible damage to the joints.
  • Trichomonas. May be accompanied by trichomonas prostatitis. Complications are observed in 15–20% of cases of infection.

Often, urethritis also occurs in women, only proceeds without symptoms and without pain, since the female urethra is much shorter than the male one. Because of this, it is possible not to recognize its presence in time and consult a doctor until it has flowed into the chronic form. It is easiest to detect gonococcal urethritis due to sharp pains and purulent discharges.

In women, the causes of urethritis can be:

  • genital infections
  • hypothermia
  • errors in the diet,
  • gynecological diseases
  • medical intervention
  • irradiation with urolithiasis.

Urethritis complications

The most common complications include inflammation of the kidneys, bladder or prostate. Not so long ago, doctors conducted an analysis that there is a direct link between inflammation of the urethra and the formation of a testicular tumor. Complications, the consequences of running urethritis will be much more difficult to cure than the disease itself.

What is different disease?

If you felt the characteristic signs, and the question arose, what kind of disease manifested itself, cystitis or urethritis? The manifestations are very similar, in both cases the pain appears, and the urine changes color. In women, the pathology can quickly move to the genitals, as they are located close to each other.

So, what is the difference between cystitis and urethritis, let's see.

The main difference in the localization of the inflammation. Urethritis is an inflammation of the urethra, and cystitis is established in the bladder. Female diagnosis is difficult due to the nature of the anatomy. The urethra is short, and inflammation quickly spreads to the bladder.

And they differ in symptoms. When urethritis, the smell of urine does not change, and overall health changes very rarely. Intoxication is not observed, there is no fever, and pains occur only in a certain place. Urine excretions may also differ: for cystitis, they are frequent and in small portions.

Urethritis is equally common in both women and men, and cystitis is more female disease due to the nature of the anatomy. Cystitis can be a complication of sluggish vulvitis or vaginitis, this should be remembered when symptoms occur, to prevent inflammation of the genital organs.

But there are also differences in laboratory tests. In addition to the general urine test, a sample according to Nechyporenko is often prescribed; it calculates the number of red blood cells and white blood cells. With inflammation of the urethra, normal values ​​jump 4–5 times. If the rates are even higher, then it is more characteristic of cystitis.

In children it is especially difficult to determine exactly what a sick child is, since both diseases are clinically the same. On palpation of the abdomen, pain is localized in the pubic region. In infants up to a year to determine the diagnosis is even more difficult, and it is put on the results of tests.

What is the difference between cystitis and urethritis in women?

A woman will not be able to independently distinguish these diseases. This is because the symptoms of urethritis and cystitis are similar. The main difference is the area of ​​localization of the inflammatory process. With cystitis, the pain is strong and occurs in the bladder area. In the case of defeat of the urethra pain is not pronounced.

It is important when the first signs of the development of the pathological process occur, contact a specialist who will diagnose and determine the type, degree and form of the disease.

Diseases in women have some differences in clinical manifestations. In cases where inflammation is localized in the urethra, the symptoms are not pronounced. There are no pain, and urine does not change the smell.

The defeat of the bladder in women is characterized by strong painful sensations, urine acquires a sharp and unpleasant smell, congestive processes occur. To determine the type of pathology specialist can also according to the results of laboratory tests. Inflammation of the urethra is accompanied by an increase in the number of leukocytes and erythrocytes in the urine.

Distinctive signs of urethritis

Inflammation of the urethral canal refers to diseases of the genitourinary system, when the inflammatory process affects the urethra. Pathology may be chronic or acute.

The first sign of the development of the disease is pain when urinating, by which pathology can be recognized. Lack of therapy at the initial stage will lead to the development of a purulent process. In severe cases, there are discharges of different characters from the urethra.

It proceeds in several stages, each of which has certain manifestations:

  1. Inflammation of the entire urethra. Signs of pathology are similar to prostatitis and manifest as painful urination. Lack of treatment leads to the development of complications and increased pain.
  2. Acute stage. Strong pains, accompanied by burning sensation when urinating. The labia or the head of the penis become bright red and swell. Observed the presence of discharge.
  3. Subacute. The urine becomes pale and pus is detected in its composition. From the acute stage will be different lack of discharge.

Insufficient treatment or lack of it leads to the fact that the pathology becomes chronic. At the same time, discharge with an unpleasant odor and other symptoms manifest themselves during exacerbations, which are caused by hypothermia, reduced immunity, and regular use of alcoholic beverages.

Symptoms and manifestations of cystitis

Cystitis occurs due to inflammation of the bladder. The disease is often diagnosed in women. The main signs of pathology are:

  • pressure in the bladder,
  • sharp pain when urinating,
  • frequent urges
  • a slight increase in body temperature

To understand that the cause of unpleasant symptoms is inflammation of the bladder, you should pay attention to the frequency of urination. Urging occurs frequently, but the amount of urine secreted is insignificant or completely absent. In laboratory studies of urine, the disease will differ in a high content of leukocytes only. The level of red blood cells will be normal.

How to distinguish cystitis from urethritis in men

In male patients, inflammation of the urethral canal is more often detected. This is due to the peculiarities of the anatomical structure of the genital organs. Cystitis develops as a complication in the absence of root cause therapy.

Pathogenic microorganisms that penetrate into the urethra through sexual intercourse, together with urine or prostate secretion, can provoke the occurrence of unpleasant sensations. It is important for men to understand that the cause of the development of cystitis or urethritis may be the lack of hygiene of the genitals.

Urethritis and cystitis, the differences of which are not pronounced brightly in male patients, may be asymptomatic at the initial stage. Distinguish pathology can only the attending physician based on the results of tests. Diseases are accompanied by similar symptoms. The difference lies only in the intensity of the pain. When inflammation of the urethra, they are expressed much brighter.

For differential diagnosis, a specialist will prescribe urine and blood tests, an ultrasound examination of the bladder. An external examination is also carried out. In certain cases, inflammation of the urethral canal is observed, it is accompanied by reddening of the glans penis and the presence of white secretions in the folds of the skin. In this case, urethritis is established.

Men should be aware that one disease can occur against another in the absence of therapy.

That is why if you experience unpleasant sensations should consult a doctor. Urethritis and cystitis are similar diseases that occur in men and women. The causes are pathogens that infect the urethra or bladder. Pathology is dangerous in cases when a woman is pregnant. Bacteria can have a negative impact on the process of formation and development of the fetus. Distinguishing urethritis from cystitis alone is quite difficult, since their symptoms are similar. Correctly establish the type of pathology can only the attending physician based on the results of tests. In the absence of therapy, cystitis causes inflammation of the urethra. That is why you should not delay with treatment.