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Lipoma in the mammary gland: causes, signs and danger of a tumor

Lipoma in the breast gland belongs to the category of benign tumors. More often pathology is diagnosed in patients older than forty years.

Lipoma can be dangerous for a woman, as there is a chance that a benign tumor will be transformed into a cancerous form. Therefore, women should know what it is - breast lipoma, the main causes of its appearance and treatment options.

Lipoma can be located in any part of the breast.

Description and causes

So what is breast lipoma? This tumor is considered benign, and it consists mainly of adipose tissue. The shape of the wen is a round or oval tumor with a soft and elastic consistency. The average size of the lipoma is 1-1.5 cm.

Important! Sometimes a lipoma can grow up to 10 cm in diameter. Because of this, a woman’s breasts add significantly in size, which creates an unpleasant cosmetic defect. This condition is dangerous in that the breast lipoma can turn into a malignant tumor - liposarcoma.

In most cases, lipomas are diagnosed in patients older than forty years. In younger women, the appearance of single benign formations carries the threat of lipomatosis - the formation of a number of subcutaneous wen around the body.

Lipoma is a benign lesion, which is a knot consisting of adipose tissue

Doctors call the following reasons for the formation of lipoma in the breast:

  • disturbance in the body of metabolic processes,
  • hormonal changes,
  • stressful situations
  • bad ecology,
  • obstruction of sebaceous glands,
  • heredity,
  • strong slagging organism.

A woman can be quite a long time unaware of the existence of pathology, if wen is localized deep inside. If the focus of inflammation is located closer to the surface, then it is not difficult to assume that such a formation is a lipoma of the left (right) breast.

A woman should regularly conduct breast self-examination.

When nodular education woman during palpation may feel in the breast tubercle. It sometimes causes discomfort while wearing clothes or when moving. To the touch, the tumor is soft and immobile. Diffuse kind of benign formation is characterized by the absence of the encapsulated form and the proliferation of adipose tissue.

A video about a breast lipoma with a research clinic doctor

Important. A woman should periodically conduct an independent breast examination by palpation. At the first suspicion or symptoms of the appearance of pathology should immediately contact a qualified specialist.

Lipoma of the breast mammary gland is divided into:

  • lipofibroma,
  • fibrous,
  • angiolipoma
  • myolipoma
  • mixolipoma.

If the tumor begins to grow, then it becomes dangerous, since it is possible for a benign tumor to degenerate into cancer.

The patient may have a single lipoma or multiple tumors in different parts of the body. There are also symmetrically located benign tumors.

Note. Experts do not stop research aimed at identifying the exact causes of the appearance of such tumors. This is very important, since the breast lipoma is dangerous because of its possible transformation into oncology.

Diagnostics

A qualified specialist, even with normal palpation of the breast, having discovered a nodule, will be able to determine that it is a lipoma of the left (right) breast. Usually, the neoplasm is located closer to the surface and has fairly clear contours.

Ultrasound is necessary for accurate diagnosis

To clarify the diagnosis using the following methods of medical examination:

  • mammography
  • Ultrasound,
  • cytological examination
  • blood test for biochemistry.

The main methods for diagnosing breast lipoma are mammography and ultrasound. A blood test for biochemistry helps to identify abnormalities in the body's metabolic processes, cytology is necessary to determine the nature of the neoplasm.

On a mammogram, a wen is defined as an enlightened, even and clear area against a background of glandular tissue. If difficulties arise in determining the lipoma, then additional target images can be taken. On ultrasound, the lipoma in the mammary gland is detected as a compressible hypoechoic mass.

When the diagnosis is confirmed, the patient is prescribed mammography.

Important! For malignant formation is characterized by a dense texture and blurred contours, the skin over which changes color and looks like a "lemon peel". Above the lipoma, the color of the skin does not change.

It is important to remember that any benign or malignant formation does not resolve itself. The most effective option to combat the pathology is surgery. There are several modern and effective ways to treat breast lipoma:

  • Introduction to the wen special medication with a needle. The medicine will promote the resorption of tumor tissues. This process is delayed for several months.
  • Radio wave exposure, which contributes to the complete removal of the wen and the restoration of blood flow.
  • Surgical removal of a lipoma using a laser. The advantages of this therapy are complete removal of the tumor and the absence of scars.
  • The use of puncture as a therapeutic method. With the help of a needle, the pathogenic contents of the wen are removed and the medicine is injected. Seized contents are examined for cancer cells.
  • Endoscopy is the removal of a neoplasm through small punctures of the skin and breast tissue.
  • Traditional surgery involves tissue incision.

Modern operational methods of treatment of lipomas are improved and effective.

In the postoperative period, a woman is prescribed a course of rehabilitation therapy, which includes taking antibiotics, immunomodulatory drugs and vitamin complexes.

Important! If the patient refuses surgery to remove a breast breast lipoma, she will constantly have to visit the doctor and undergo the necessary examinations in order to monitor the condition of the subcutaneous wen. Do not forget that the tumor can cause serious complications.

Treatment of breast lipoma with folk remedies is ineffective; it can only be used as an adjuvant therapy aimed at strengthening the immune system.

During the growth of a neoplasm in a woman, the breast can be deformed and the surrounding tissues will shift

Of course, any problem is better to prevent than to cure. Therefore, doctors recommend that women undergo regular routine check-ups at a gynecologist and a breast specialist.

A woman needs to know how dangerous the breast lipoma is, and take it as a habit to regularly examine the breast. At the slightest suspicion or when the first symptoms of a wen appear, you should immediately consult a doctor.

What is a lipoma?

So what is a lipoma? This tumor (neoplasia), belongs to the category of cancer. Can patients with a similar diagnosis ask for a cancer such as lipoma? In no case and does not even become it!

Lipoma - benign connective tissue formation, the origin is due to loose subcutaneous tissue. Sometimes neoplasia penetrates between muscles and bundles of blood vessels up to the periosteum, but more often it “sits” quietly in adipose tissue and does not malignize (does not transform into a malignant tumor). Extremely rarely (in exceptional cases) such neoplasias are converted to connective tissue cancer - liposarcoma.

The word "lipoma" comes from the Latin word "fat", therefore in everyday life it is often called a fatty wand or a fatty tumor. The disease can be independent or a manifestation of lipomatosis (multifocal lesions of the body like tumors). The ICD 10 code refers the disease to section D-17. About 10% of the detected volume bust neoplasms are lipomas.

Who is diagnosed with pathology?

These tumors are most often diagnosed in women in the premenopausal period, at the time of the beginning of the involution of the mammary glands (age 40 years and older). At this age, fibrous tissues most often prevail in the tumor.

If neoplasia is diagnosed in women of childbearing age, the cytological picture is more diverse (fat cells, mucus or connective tissue dominate).

The disease is diagnosed not only in women, but also in men (yes, the stronger sex also has a mammary gland, and there may be diseases of this organ).

And what about the children, you ask. Unfortunately, this disease does not bypass this category of population. Lipomas can be diagnosed in a child and in a teenager. Most often these are girls up to 14 years old. In this case, consultation with a breast doctor is required!

Signs of illness

The subjective symptoms of the appearance of a tumor are absent. Most often these are small formations up to 2 centimeters. Rarely education grows up to 10 centimeters in diameter.

With palpation examination, neoplasia is detected as a neoplasm:

  • elastic
  • elastic,
  • rounded
  • with clear boundaries
  • not welded to surrounding tissues, but sedentary.

The tumor is painless, usually detected by chance during a routine inspection, during an ultrasound scan, in a mammography scan.

What does a neoplasm look like?

Any woman should know what a lipoma looks like. If this is a superficial (subcutaneous) formation, you can easily see and feel a little bulging “bump”, elastic and elastic. If neoplasia is located deep in the tissues, you will not see it. This can be done by the doctor, when examined with the help of hardware diagnostics.

On ultrasound, the doctor sees hyperechoic (light gray) formation in the glandular tissues with clear boundaries. QDs show homogeneous (homogeneous) structures with clear contours. The density of the tissue corresponds to fat.

The X-ray photograph shows the lipoma opposite as lighter than the surrounding tissue formation. See a comparison of signs of the appearance of one type of lipomas on an ultrasound scan and on a mammogram image (picture below).

If the tumor was large (a giant wen with a weight of about half a kilogram and about 5-12 centimeters in size) and removed, it looks like this:

Classification of lipomas

A tumor is classified according to the number of lesions in the breast (single and multiple), the forms and structure of the neoplasia secrete the forms of the disease:

  • nodal (focal education),
  • diffuse.

A fatty tumor in a nodular form is a rounded, well-defined capsule formation, which, when husked with the capsule, looks like a ball filled with fat.

A fatty tumor in a diffuse form grows through the capsule and loses a clear rounded shape.

According to the location of education it is customary to distinguish:

  • intramammary formations, determined on the background of glandular tissue (grow between the lobules of the mammary gland),
  • subcutaneous, not affecting the parenchyma of the body,
  • deep tumors localized to the mammary glands.

Usually such neoplasias develop in one gland. If the right breast tissue is affected, it does not mean that you will ever have problems with your left breast.

According to the cytological picture, there are several types of lipomas:

  • fibrolipoma,
  • myolipoma,
  • mixolipoma,
  • angiolipoma,
  • lipofibroma,
  • adenolipoma,
  • hemartoma (fibroadenolipoma),
  • Classical lipoma or adipose, represented exclusively by adipocytes (adipose tissue cells).

In the first case, fibrous cells predominate in the tumor tissues (this type of neoplasm is found in older patients). In the second, a combination of adipose tissue and muscle fibers is present in the neoplasm. In the third - the tumor is represented by a combination of fat and mucus.

Angiolipoma is a tumor in which biopsy specimens are found in the cells of the vascular network. It is believed that such an education is literally enmeshed in a network of capillaries. Lipofibromas are neoplasias mainly represented by adipose tissue with a small amount of fibrous tissue.

Adenolipoma is a formation consisting of glandular epithelial cells and adipose tissue. There are also combinations of the neoplasias described above (hemartoma).

Causes of illness

Discussions in the medical environment about the causes of the disease continue. The formation of tumors from adipose tissue is considered a multi-causative process. Put forward 4 main theories:

  1. Metabolic.
  2. Genetic.
  3. Hormonal.
  4. Exogenous or regulatory.

Metabolic, ascribes the leading role in the development of the disease to the accumulation of low density lipoproteins in tissues. These substances diffuse poorly through the walls of blood vessels, accumulate in the intercellular space and are covered by a connective tissue capsule.

Genetic focuses on the defect of a particular gene, leading to hereditary lipomatosis.

Hormonal - highlights the hormonal changes in the body (this explains the growth of tumors in adolescent girls and women around 45 years old). Failure in the process of development or involution of the gland leads to the formation of neoplasias.

Regulatory theory says that adipocytes are distributed in tissues according to a specific program, regulated by the internal mechanisms of the body. If the mechanism fails, adipocytes accumulate in one place and overgrow with a fibrous capsule.

Contributing factors to the growth of wen and combined formations include:

Some authors even believe that the neglect of hygienic requirements leads to a violation of sebum (sebum) and indirectly stimulates the formation of adipose tissue tumors. Most likely, the causes of the disease - a complex of several factors that adversely affect the mammary gland.

General information

Lipoma is not a malignant formation in the mammary gland, which is formed from mature cells of adipose tissue and is surrounded by a dense connective tissue capsule. A fatty tumor can penetrate deep into the muscles and vessels right up to the periosteum. The favorite sites of the lesion are the area near the breast and under the breast. In this case, the pathological process can occur both on the left and on the right breast.

The mechanism of disease development has two scenarios:

  • formation due to violations of the outflow of the contents of the sebaceous glands,
  • growth from one "maternal" cell.

In the mammary gland, the lipomas are not located deep, which significantly affects the appearance of the organ. Sometimes numerous formations of Wen-Wen are recorded without clear boundaries. Doctors call this condition lipomatosis of the mammary glands and note the hereditary nature of this pathology. The disease has an ICD-10 code - D 17.

Breasts are affected by Wen, which consist not only of fatty tissue (classical). There are also fibrolipomas and angiolipomas. In the first case, the basis of the tumor is adipose and connective tissue, in the second - adipose and blood vessels.

Causes

Until now, the exact reasons for which there is a lipoma in the mammary glands, medicine has not established. It is believed that in males, fat wads in the breast area are formed due to the destruction of the sebaceous gland duct as a result of any injury (mechanical, chemical or thermal).

In women, breast lipoma occurs for the following reasons:

  • inadequate mechanical removal of acne elements,
  • poor skin hygiene
  • hormonal imbalance,
  • taking birth control pills,
  • metabolic disease,
  • overweight,
  • the presence of stretch marks on the chest.

Scientists do not deny the effects of hereditary predisposition to excessive formation of adipose tissue. This means that the lipoma is presumably inherited in an autosomal dominant manner.

Doctors warn: lipomatosis is most often registered in alcoholics, diabetics, and people with thyroid disease. This is due to metabolic processes in the body, leading to a decrease in the production of certain hormones.

What are the symptoms of breast lipoma

Lipoma in the chest is an independent disease, but in rare cases it is part of a multiple lesion - lipomatosis. The disease is distinguished by a dense-elastic consistency, mobility, clear delimitation, and non-invasive growth.

Education grows slowly, painlessly. Discomfort occurs only when the surrounding tissues, vessels, or nerve bundles are compressed. Compaction in the mammary gland is rare, often the problem is localized in places with a low percentage of fat.

  • nodular, delimited by a dense connective tissue capsule,
  • spilled - uviform accumulations of lipocytes without clear boundaries.

Causes and ICD 10 code

The cause of the formation of such neoplasias in the chest is difficult to identify. It is known that seals make up to 10% of all detected benign tumors. Risk group: women after 45 years in menopause.

Theories of development of foci of adipose tissue in the breast:

  1. Genetic predisposition due to a defect in the HMG I-C gene and other chromosomal aberrations. Diagnosed with systemic lipomatosis.
  2. Menopausal metabolic syndrome - a change in the natural metabolism with age-involution of all ovarian functions. As a result, the structure of the breast changes: the glandular tissue is gradually replaced by fatty and connective (involutive processes).
  3. Pregnancy and changes in the endocrine system associated with the position of a woman.
  4. Disruption of the metabolism of low-density lipoprotein, prone to encapsulation. Risk factors: passive lifestyle, unhealthy diet, excess intake of animal fats, various fermentopathies.
  5. A high percentage of body fat. All lipocytes are considered hormone-active, producing adiponectin, resistin, leptin. When leptin levels rise, the thyroid gland and adrenal glands malfunction. Violation of metabolic processes provokes the development of systemic lipomatosis.
  6. Injuries, thermal effects, incorrectly performed plastic surgery are exogenous factors in the formation of adipose.

Often two factors are combined. According to the international classification of diseases mkb 10, information about breast lumps can be found in two sections: lipomatosis (E 88.2) or benign breast masses (D 24).

Is breast lipoma dangerous?

Wen, localized in the mammary gland, is a cosmetic defect. Education is under the skin and with growth significantly deforms the chest. The risk factor for large neoplasia is the compression of blood vessels or nerve trunks. Lack of nutritional tissue leads to necrosis.

Removal of education at the initial stage of development is recommended.

Can it be cancer

Compaction is considered a benign formation, but one should not forget about the risk of cell mutation into cancer cells.

Any neoplasia after removal is subject to histological examination in order to exclude oncopathology at the cellular and tissue levels.

Lipoma, located in the mammary gland is dangerous with constant trauma. The risk of malignancy increases or the lump is reborn into oleogranuloma - focal necrosis of adipose tissue with the development of the inflammatory process. Macroscopically, it resembles a malignant neoplasm and has no clear boundaries. The final diagnosis is made by histopathologist. Differential diagnostics should be performed with lymphadenitis, hygroma, epidermal cyst, soft fibroma, leaf-shaped fibroadenoma.

Chest Wen Treatments

For the conclusion and determination of the tactics of therapy, it is necessary to conduct diagnostic procedures in the mammary gland. Begin with palpation: the lipoma is felt as a dense, movable seal. The color and condition of the skin are not changed, which distinguishes the lump from oncology.

Ultrasound or mammography. Methods help determine the size, shape and exact location of the wen. Independently does not disappear and is not amenable to medical treatment. Removal of the tumor is recommended. After the intervention, antibiotic therapy is prescribed for the prevention of inflammatory processes.

In the hospital

If the puncture biopsy did not reveal any signs of cancer in the lipoma, there is no pain and discomfort, constant monitoring is recommended. It is necessary to conduct an examination at the gynecologist twice a year.

  • complete elimination of the tumor with a capsule by a traditional method (using a scalpel), laser or radiolifting,
  • content removal suitable for uviform lipomas. The capsule remains inside, the probability of recurrence increases. Scars don't stay,
  • sectoral resection of the breast is carried out in extreme cases with diffuse lipomatosis and suspected malignization of the wen in the mammary gland.

Complications after surgery are minimal. Procedures are performed under local anesthesia.

Folk remedies

Traditional treatments are less effective.

There is a risk of inflammation and the addition of a bacterial infection. The reaction of the body is unpredictable.

At home, get rid of Wen with the help of Kalanchoe or aloe. The leaf is cut lengthwise and the pulp is applied to the projection area of ​​the knot. After two weeks of daily treatment, the seal resolves on its own.

Prognosis and prevention

At excision of a lipoma the forecast is favorable. The enucleation of the tumor with the complete removal of the capsule prevents the occurrence of repeated nodes, excluding the malignancy of tissues. It is necessary to undergo prophylactic examinations at the gynecologist and breast specialist, to be tested to determine the level of cholesterol and lipoproteins, to monitor the level of hormones. Such methods are the prevention of the appearance of breast lipomas in the future.

Breast Lipoma - what a disease

Local accumulation of fat cells with the formation of a benign tumor can occur in different parts of the human body. Lipoma of the mammary gland is a disease in which a knot is formed in the breast tissue based on its own fat cells. The main causes of pathology are:

  • genetic predisposition
  • endocrine and metabolic disorders,
  • mechanical injury of the mammary glands.

Great importance for the emergence of wen has hormones. Any changes in the endocrine state of women can be the basis for local accumulation of lipocytes. One of the precipitating factors is pregnancy: during the carrying of the fetus, rapid accumulation of fat cells in the breast can begin. But there is no need to treat or operate the breast lipoma during pregnancy: the doctor will monitor the size of the benign tumor using an ultrasound method.

Lipoma in the chest - what is the risk of cancer

Regardless of the results of diagnostic studies, any node in the chest should be considered from the standpoint of onconsistence. Lipoma is not cancer, but any benign tumor is dangerous for the risk of rebirth: it is extremely rare for a wen to become a malignant neoplasm, but it is impossible to completely eliminate the possibility of detecting liposarcoma. There is no chance of self-healing - the lipoma cannot dissolve, so the doctor will offer to perform the operation. It is better to remove the wen to prevent the risk of malignant degeneration.

Symptoms and signs of the disease

You must know and understand that lipoma does not hurt. Often the knot in the chest is found during a routine examination - the doctor will reveal a painless induration, which the woman may not suspect. Symptoms usually occur with a significant increase in the size and volume of the neoplasm. You must immediately contact the doctor if you have the following symptoms:

  • detection of a soft elastic and mobile node in the chest,
  • breast asymmetry (one more than the other),
  • shape change due to tumor,
  • pain with pressure on the fabric.

Absence of symptoms does not mean that the risk of a malignant tumor is minimal. Until a biopsy is performed, it is impossible to guarantee that the nodal education is safe, therefore, it is necessary to follow all the recommendations of the breast doctor.

Breast lipoma - treatment tactics

The purity of the disease allows not to fear for life, but requires complex therapy. The choice of treatment method depends on the following factors:

  • the age of the patient
  • hormones,
  • tumor size,
  • the number of nodes
  • the presence of symptoms
  • risk of malignant rebirth.

For a single small-sized lipoma, constant monitoring is required (the doctor will give recommendations on the frequency of visits). The indications for surgical removal of a benign tumor are:

  • big size (from 4 cm and more),
  • a rapid increase in neoplasm in a short period of time,
  • the presence of pain,
  • cosmetic defect (asymmetry, breach of the breast),
  • high risk of oncology.

The volume of the operation is always organ preserving - the surgeon will only remove the tumor using the following surgical options:

  • enucleation of the node,
  • sectoral resection.

Alternative non-invasive breast removal procedures in the mammary gland (laser therapy, radio wave surgery) can be used with small sizes and subcutaneous localization.

Hello. I have a 4 cm wen in my chest. Should I remove or can I do without surgery? Maria, 44 years old.

Hello Maria. Lipoma is a benign neoplasm, but under certain conditions it is better to agree to an operation. One indication is rapid tumor growth. If the wen has increased to 4 cm in a short period of time, then it must be removed. No doctor and no study can give a 100% guarantee of malignant degeneration of any type of neoplasm.

Postoperative management - doctor's recommendations

An important stage in the treatment of lipoma is a histological conclusion. The removed tumor is sent to the laboratory, where the histologist will accurately determine the cellular and tissue structure of the tumor. In the postoperative period, the following medical recommendations should be strictly followed:

  • local treatment of a surgical wound (antiseptic treatment, daily dressings),
  • correction of endocrine disorders under the supervision of an endocrinologist,
  • weight loss in the presence of obesity,
  • increase of immune defense (taking vitamins, microelements and plant immunomodulators).

Within the next year after the operation, you must visit the doctor at least 1 time per quarter. In the absence of complications and recurrence of the disease, the frequency of visits is reduced to a single annual survey.

Treatment of folk remedies - is there any sense

It is impossible to remove or prevent the local accumulation of fat cells in the tissues of the mammary glands by means of traditional medicine; therefore, it is not necessary to spend time on herbal preparations of local or general action. The best treatment option will be offered by a mammologist. The prognosis for life with lipoma is always favorable.

Hello. Is it possible to detect breast lipoma on ultrasound or is it better to have a mammogram? Catherine, 41 years.

Hello, Catherine. Most often, a node in the breast is detected when examined by a doctor or during a preventive examination (ultrasound, mammography). Any method of examination helps to detect a volumetric neoplasm, but only with the help of a biopsy can we exclude oncology and reveal a lipoma (the presence of fat cells during cytological examination). Optimally, all women after 35 years old should conduct a mammographic examination at least once a year.

Symptoms and diagnosis of lipomatosis

It is very difficult to miss Lipomu: in the end, a large formation rather clearly protrudes from under the skin. To the touch it is firm and elastic, does not move, does not cause pain when pressed. Such a tumor grows very slowly, so that a sharp increase does not happen. With an increase in its size, lipoma begins to interfere with movement and wear of underwear.

Education is of different forms, which differ in size and localization. The most common is nodular localized capsule. A rarer form is diffuse, it spreads through the tissues around the breast. Fibrolipoma is considered to be the most dangerous, since this tumor eventually transforms its filling into connective tissue.

Angiolipoma appears when a normal lipoma has not been treated for a long time and blood vessels have sprouted into it. When such a tumor is removed, profuse bleeding is possible. If muscle tissue has grown in the lipoma, then this formation is called mucolipoma.

Before performing an operation to remove the formation, the doctor must determine exactly which type of lipoma will have to work. This will save from unforeseen complications. Before the operation, it is important to conduct a histological examination of the growth pattern to exclude its oncological nature.

In addition, the intramammary lymph node of the mammary gland is studied for the same purpose. It is in it that cancer cells are first of all found in cancer.

Radiography is used for the initial diagnosis. Sometimes you can use and ultrasound, but the most complete picture gives computed tomography, focused on the thoracic region.

Lipoma removal

To date, no medicine can completely cure lipoma, so therapy is carried out only surgically, it is the only effective remedy.

There are cases when the lipoma was absorbed by itself, although no treatment was applied. The operation is shown if there is a stable growth of a neoplasm. Observation is carried out within 1-3 months, as a rule, by a specialist mammologist. Emergency surgery is prescribed for the appearance of pain or discharge from the lipoma, in this case, the development of lymphosarcoma - a malignant tumor.

The operation is performed using a laser or conventional surgical instrument. The patient is at this point under local anesthesia. Painkillers are selected individually to avoid an allergic reaction to the drug.

In the postoperative period it is necessary to monitor the condition of the suture, it should be dry and without strong redness. At the same time, the patient is prescribed a course of drugs that strengthen the body's immunity.

Characteristics and types of lipomas

The tumor, located in the mammary gland, is not associated with the skin. It is mobile and, as a rule, is touched by palpation. Despite these features, the patient cannot independently diagnose the disease. In order to establish a breast lipoma, it is necessary to consult a mammologist.

There are several types of benign tumors.

  1. Mixolipoma. The tumor consists of adipose tissue and fragments of mucus that the lipoma produces.
  2. Fibrolipoma. A benign tumor includes connective fibers and adipose tissue.
  3. Angiolipoma. This type of tumor consists of fat cells and small blood vessels.
  4. Myolipoma. Education includes a small amount of fat cells (dominated by fibers).
  5. Lipofibroma. In this case, the tumor consists of fat cells, but inclusions of connective tissue are present.

Depending on the location, the lipoma may be:

  • superficial,
  • intermuscular,
  • subcutaneous.

Formations differ in shape. Some have clear contours, others are blurry. Tumors enclosed in a capsule are characterized by the presence of a fibrous membrane.

Specialists can not identify the exact causes, but risk factors are known. Among them:

  • endocrine diseases, including diabetes,
  • violation of metabolic processes,
  • hereditary tendency to a benign tumor,
  • hormonal disbalance,
  • regular stress loads
  • excess weight,
  • inactive, that is, a sedentary lifestyle (women with sedentary work, lymphatic outflow are prone to lipomatosis),
  • poor nutrition (abuse of food of animal origin),
  • chest injuries.
  • smoking, overeating and alcohol abuse.

Lipoma is formed when the sweat glands are clogged. As a result, a cavity is formed, filled with fatty tissue. Most doctors believe that the tumor is associated with hormonal disruption. The alleged cause of lipomatosis is metabolic syndrome. It is known to occur during menopause. Metabolic syndrome is characterized by the replacement of glandular tissue. In its place appears fibrous. Pathological process predisposes to lipomatosis.

Symptomatology

The tumor is palpable through the skin. If it grows quickly, it becomes noticeable even without palpation. Lipoma has a dense texture. It does not cause pain, but makes itself felt. A woman feels light discomfort when wearing tight underwear. Lipoma is mobile, respectively, in contact with the skin and mammary glands. The peculiarity of education is that it is not connected with nearby tissue structures.

Some patients are diagnosed lobular formation. It has no smooth borders and protrudes above the skin surface. It happens that the lipoma is located in the deeper layers of tissue. In this case, it is impossible to probe. A deep tumor is dangerous as it penetrates the muscular fascia. The neoplasm can grow between the muscle fibers and cause tremendous discomfort. In most patients, a single lipoma is detected. If it contains many fibrous cells, it has a more dense structure.

Therapeutic activities

Patients are interested in how to treat breast lipoma. Benign education does not resolve. Conservative treatment is effective in the early stages of lipomatosis, when education has just begun to emerge. A tumor that occurs when lipomatosis does not become malignant. However, the patient must be under the supervision of a physician. When confirming the diagnosis, an ultrasound scan is required every 3 months. It is recommended to perform mammography at intervals of 1 every 12 months.

Blood donation is required for CA-15-13 tumor marker. This analysis helps to eliminate oncology. If a benign tumor grows quickly and puts pressure on tissue, the doctor recommends surgery. Education can injure the nerve roots, thereby causing pain. Some women are diagnosed with a major lipoma. Such a tumor is a cosmetic defect. It not only violates the aesthetics, but also deforms the breasts.

Surgical treatments

For the treatment of large lipomas, a sectoral resection is prescribed. The procedure involves invasive intervention.If the tumor grows rapidly, the specialist doubts that it is benign and strongly recommends surgery. Sectoral resection involves removal of the breast lipoma by excision of the tumor and preserving the integrity of the capsule. The latter must be removed completely, otherwise, lipomatosis will give relapses.

A mammologist may prescribe tumor enucleation. During invasive procedure, husking is carried out. An alternative variant of enucleation is a puncture biopsy, in which the doctor removes the tumor using a thin needle. The tool is introduced into the cavity of education. Puncture biopsy gives a good result, moreover, there are no scars on the chest. However, the manipulation does not allow to remove the capsule, which encloses the adipose tissue. For this reason, a relapse is possible.

More on sectoral resection

During the procedure, the doctor removes part of the breast tissue. Sectoral resection is prescribed if the lipoma delivers discomfort or a specialist suggests a malignant tumor. The doctor recommends the procedure for other diseases associated with the mammary glands:

In case of a malignant tumor, an organ-preserving invasive procedure is prescribed (this may be a sectoral resection). Before performing the operation, it is necessary to perform anesthesia. To do this, use novocaine or another anesthetic. Pain medication should not cause allergies. If the procedure is part of organ-sparing surgery, the surgeon recommends general anesthesia.

To conduct surgical manipulation, it is necessary to outline the incision lines. The doctor uses a stick dipped in Zelenka. Breast tissue is incised and other required incisions are made. The site in which there is a tumor is called a sector. It is removed completely. In the future, stop the bleeding and sutured wounds.

In the breast glands should not be formed. If necessary, the seams are superimposed on the surface of the subcutaneous fat. The remote sector of the gland is sent for histological examination. The procedure is urgent and lasts 20 minutes. If malignant cells have been identified, the doctor expands the scope of surgical manipulation.

The procedure can give complications. In rare cases, wound infection occurs. If the bleeding was stopped abnormally, a hematoma is formed. A rare complication is a bleeding disorder. Stitches are removed on the eighth day after the procedure. Surgical intervention - stress for the body, In this regard, the doctor prescribes sedatives. If the patient feels pain after the procedure, you should report it.

Popular drugs

We repeat that they are effective in the initial stages of the formation of a lipoma. Ointment is used to reduce the size of tumors. The most popular drugs.

  1. Vitaon. The basis of the ointment is herbal extracts. They gently affect the skin without causing burning and inflammation. Vitaon is available as a balm. The tool has few contraindications. If hypersensitivity to its components is observed, it is worth refusing application. Vitaon is applied with a thin layer and fixed with a bandage. To prevent diaper rash, it should be changed 1 time in 3 days. The drug has anti-inflammatory effects, and is also a good antiseptic. A possible side symptom is allergy.
  2. Vishnevsky ointment. The antiseptic consists of tar, xeroform and castor oil. Vishnevsky ointment is prescribed for boils and gynecological diseases, accompanied by inflammation. Means impose on the chest, fixed with a bandage, incubated for 2 to 3 hours, then washed off. To reduce the lipoma, it is necessary to carry out the procedure 2 times in 7 days. Despite the effectiveness, the drug may have contraindications. If a patient has hypersensitivity to its components, it is worth refusing to use it.
  3. Ichthyol ointment. The drug has an antiseptic effect. It is prescribed for pathologies involving an infectious process. Ichthyol ointment can be used to treat gynecological pathology. The tool helps to eliminate itching. It restores the skin after ulcers and improves its turgor. Ichthyol ointment accelerates the regeneration of the dermis, and also improves the metabolism in the cells. The effect appears 2-3 hours after application. The drug may give a side effect in the form of allergies. It is not recommended to use it during pregnancy.

Nontraditional treatments

It is worth noting that these medications are not recognized by official medicine. Before you use them, you must make sure that there are no contraindications, including an allergic reaction. Alternative therapy will not replace traditional - it is important to remember this. The doctor must establish the diagnosis and prescribe professional treatment.

In folk medicine, using these funds or products.

  1. Lard with garlic. For the preparation of medicines take 50 - 100 g of fat and crushed in a meat grinder. There also add the head of crushed garlic. The mixture is applied to the chest three times a day.
  2. The healing plant Kalanchoe. Rinse and chop it thoroughly, then apply to the affected area. In order for the active ingredients to penetrate deep into the subcutaneous structure, it should be fixed with a gauze bandage. Compress left until morning.
  3. Us golden. A fresh plant is applied to the area where there is a lipoma. For maximum effect, cover the chest with polyethylene, put a cloth band on top and fix. Compress put 1 - 2 times a day. The course of therapy lasts 15 days.
  4. Baked onions. It is crushed in a meat grinder and add 50 g of grated soap. Fans of alternative medicine recommend doing a compress 2 times a day. They claim that the lipoma begins to dissolve.
  5. Cinnamon. Spice is added to food. It cleans the blood and normalizes the function of fat structures.
  6. The tool on the basis of black currant. To prepare it, you need to take 40 g of dried (or fresh) currants and combine with 50 g of wild rose. The mixture is poured 350 ml of boiling water. After 30 minutes, it becomes ready. The drug is filtered and poured 200 ml of beer (it is desirable to use light). The medicine is taken once a day on a lean stomach.
  7. Trays with the addition of pine needles. Fifty grams of fresh needles pour 300 ml of boiling water. The product is boiled in a water bath for 15 minutes and cooled. It is recommended to use once a day.

Preventive measures

To avoid a tumor, you need to lead a healthy lifestyle. It is recommended to play sports, since the absence of physical activity is a predisposing factor to diseases. Hypodynamia leads to excess weight, respectively, the patient has health problems. It is necessary to pay attention to changes in the mammary glands.

If a close education has revealed a benign education, it is necessary to visit the doctor more often and undergo a comprehensive diagnosis. Despite the fact that the education is benign, the patient cannot distinguish it from cancer. The prognosis of lipoma is favorable. Surgical treatment is not always prescribed. However, if invasive manipulation was carried out correctly and the doctor completely removed the capsule, a relapse is unlikely.

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