Everyone knows that drinking alcohol during conception and pregnancy is categorically unacceptable, but not all people take this seriously. Usually experiences arise already after the “drunk” conception. The couple faces the fact of pregnancy and is forced to make a decision. Let us consider whether alcohol affects conception.
Alcohol and male reproductive function
The physical well-being of the child depends on the health not only of the expectant mother, but also of his father. Doctors of medical sciences proved that the quality of sperm has a great influence on the correct growth and health of the embryo.
As a rule, men rarely think about the negative effects of alcohol on conception. It is believed that it is the woman’s concern to understand the issues of conception, pregnancy and the health of the unborn child, and the main problem of the head of the family is the extraction of funds.
In a male non-alcoholic, only about 25% of the germ cells have some abnormalities. Therefore, the likelihood of fertilization of the egg by abnormal sperm in these people is small. At the same time, for those who like to drink, the number of unhealthy germ cells increases repeatedly. This is due to the fact that alcohol, penetrating into the seed, immediately produces negative changes, as a result of which pathologies appear in chromosome sets of spermatozoa.
A child conceived by such an abnormal sexual cell will most likely have genetic diseases.
Alcohol and female reproductive function
In the female body, only one sex cell develops once a month, ready for fertilization. The process of its healthy development depends on many circumstances, including how often and how much a woman consumes alcohol. If the period of taking alcohol is long, then its negative impact on the infant will be great.
According to the conception calculator, the most likely fertilization occurs 12-16 days before the beginning of the new monthly cycle.
A woman has eggs that do not change over time. With these germ cells, a woman is born, you can lose them only during menstruation or fertilization. If a woman regularly consumes alcoholic beverages, then chromosome deformation occurs in her eggs.
After fertilization, the damaged cell is often unable to attach to the surface of the uterus, which contributes to spontaneous miscarriage.
If an unhealthy egg can still attach to the uterus, the cells will multiply and form the organs of the future baby. Due to the fact that the chromosomes of such a cell are disturbed, the organs of the fetus can develop with pathologies, the probability of giving birth to a dead child in this case is very high, the anomalies of fetal development are almost one hundred percent.
It is important to understand that not all types of alcohol are eliminated from the body in a day, sometimes this process lasts for several days. If alcohol is abused regularly, the withdrawal period can be about a month.
Is conception and alcohol compatible?
Some prospective parents are concerned about the amount of alcohol that is safe to conceive. To get started is to find out, is it really necessary for a couple of alcoholics to have a child? When potential parents are not able to renounce their pernicious habits, what kind of talk about conceiving a baby in general can be conducted? It is necessary to place the right priorities between conception and alcohol. What is more important?
There is no safe dose of alcohol! Only 3 grams of alcohol in ethyl equivalent can have an adverse effect on the embryo. The concepts of "alcohol and conception" are incompatible.
What to do if conception nevertheless happened at the time of intoxication, and abortion is unacceptable? You need to immediately find out the amount of alcohol drunk by partners during the month. Accidental pregnancy is not yet a reason for abandoning motherhood. If the couple is not dependent on the use of alcohol-containing products, the percentage of birth of a healthy baby is very large.
The main thing to do after alcoholic conception
- Promptly consult a gynecologist and other specialists for consultation, undergo examinations, and be tested for laboratory tests. It is important to truthfully share information with doctors about drunken conception.
- Completely stop drinking alcohol.
- Increase the amount of protein in the diet.
- Start taking vitamins. It is known that alcohol reduces the percentage of vitamins and trace elements in the blood. To restore the amount of these valuable substances necessary for the normal development of the fetus, it is necessary to take vitamin preparations recommended by specialists.
- Stop smoking.
- Reduce consumption of caffeine-containing beverages.
You can avoid unwanted pregnancy by using the conception calculator. This simple program is indispensable for those who want to prevent pregnancy or, on the contrary, plans to conceive a child. It is advisable to use the method of calendar protection from pregnancy with other means. So the protection will be even higher.
The effect of alcohol on children
There were cases when a woman, not knowing about pregnancy, drank alcohol right up to the birth. What is the result of such negligence? A full-fledged baby from a drinking mother will not work. Alcoholic parents always give birth to abnormal children. Much more often than in people without harmful addictions, children born to drink are born premature or stillborn. The probability of infant death at an early age also increases significantly.
Children of alcoholics are characterized by increased excitability and anxiety, have damage to the work of the central nervous system. More than 6% of these children are worried about convulsions. In general, about 10% of all epilepsy cases occur in particular for children born to alcoholics.
At primary school age, such children most often get tired quickly, are restless and morally unstable. They manifest various sleep disorders, there are complaints of headaches, they are often in a bad mood, subject to fears. Physically, children of alcoholics look weak and pale. They often show oligophrenia - the degree of dementia. Children of drinking parents often take over their addictions.
Family alcoholism. Psychological moments
Alcoholism is a disease that has a negative impact not only on the person who suffers from them, but also on the whole environment, especially on children. The life of an alcoholic is very limited, in such conditions the mental state of children is not very stable. Some children drinking parents are ashamed of their families, trying to turn their lives on a different path. Not everyone succeeds, because for a child, parents are an authority, he copies asosocial examples of behavior, without suspecting the consequences.
Behavioral types of children from disadvantaged families
Psychologists identify four behavioral types in children of drinking parents:
- "Hero". A child of this type is trying to take control of the whole family situation. He, as far as he can, takes care of his parents, tries to keep the household, to equip life.
- "Scapegoat". This child constantly takes upon himself all the anger and irritation that comes from drinking family members. He is withdrawn, frightened and extremely unhappy.
- "Soaring in the clouds". Such a child is the creator of his own world, he refuses to accept the reality of life, unable to understand his role in the family and society. He lives in the world of his own fantasies and dreams, and he likes this kind of life very much.
- "Not knowing the prohibitions". Such a child does not know the prohibitions. His parents, occasionally suffering remorse for their alcohol addiction, spoil the child immensely. Differs abnormal behavior with other people.
In adulthood, children from alcoholic families suffer from unsuccessful childhood complexes. This creates obstacles to normal life. Such people need the help of a psychologist. Typically, such a specialist helps to increase self-esteem and adapt to society.
Alcohol and conception
Uncontrolled use of alcohol affects all organs and systems of both the female and the male body. There is an opinion that if a woman bears a child, then it is she who is responsible for the intellectual and physical health of the future children. This is not entirely true. Yes, indeed, drinking a woman during pregnancy dramatically reduces the chances of a future baby for a healthy and full life, but do not forget that both spouses are actively involved in the process of conception. And the health of the baby directly depends on how healthy and high-quality male spermatozoa were.
All these changes are recorded at the cellular level and change the human DNA. Accordingly, the future baby already has a tendency to drink alcohol at the gene level.
Often, women who want to have a child are wondering if they can conceive offspring from a drinking father. The answer is obvious: it can be possible to conceive, though not without difficulty, but how fully this child will be impossible to predict. Let us see why this is happening.
The effect of alcohol on the male reproductive system
Alcohol helps to relax, relieve stress and increase libido. This can not please the man. But there is also the other side of the coin - the use of alcohol in large doses does not in the best way affect the quantity and quality of male germ cells.
When ethyl alcohol enters the seminal fluid with blood flow, it inhibits spermatozoa in a depressing way - they become less mobile, anomalies appear in their structure (there is no tail or head). If there are too many stationary sperm in the semen, then conception cannot occur.
With long-term use, even small doses of alcohol, the number of germ cells is reduced by 20%, and the quality of the drink itself does not matter. A small number of sperm in the ejaculate reduces the chances of a seemingly perfectly healthy man for a quick fatherhood.
The maturation of sperm is 70-75 days. A man who drinks regularly simply prevents his body from producing healthy germ cells. Sperm are initially doomed to rejection. And if we take into account the fact that even a healthy non-drinker has about 30% of abnormal cells in semen, then what can a drinker expect? That's right - either the complete absence of living "tadpoles", or their anomalies. Such pathological conditions are unlikely to allow a drinking man to conceive a child.
It is not only the quality of the sex cells that suffers. Alcohol directly affects the potency of men. With a small amount of alcohol drunk, a man gets an erection, sexual intercourse becomes longer, respectively, the pleasure increases. Over time, such libations have a destructive effect on sexuality: an erection decreases, intercourse decreases, premature ejaculation occurs. Gradually, sex life becomes possible only in the presence of alcohol in the blood. In patients with alcoholism with long periods of hard drinking, an erection may not occur at all.
Alcohol and women's health
More destructive effect of alcohol on the female reproductive sphere. If a man's sex cells are regularly renewed, then a woman has a reserve of eggs laid at the stage of intrauterine development. Neither the quantity nor the quality of gametes during the life of a woman is subject to change. The ovaries reliably protect the sex cells from damage, but they cannot protect against such a powerful solvent as ethanol is. Penetrating through the ovarian membrane, alcohol exposes the egg to certain mutations. And it is this damaged gamete that can fertilize sooner or later. The consequences, as we all understand, are sad.
Considering all the above, is it worth a couple planning to have a baby in the near future to drink a glass or other alcohol? Clearly not worth it. A man needs to abstain from alcohol at least three months in order to conceive healthy offspring, and it is advisable for a woman not to drink at all.
In the video, the effect of alcohol on female and male reproductive health:
Conception in a drunken stupor - a fairly common phenomenon. Could this affect pregnancy? As mentioned above, alcohol blurs the boundaries of what is permitted and under its influence spontaneous sexual relations often end up resulting in a woman’s pregnancy. The merger of male and female germ cells in this case can be fatal for both the fetus and the woman herself - she can develop a pathological condition such as an ectopic pregnancy.
Therefore, having serious anomalies, the fetus will be rejected by the body, and a spontaneous miscarriage will occur. Frequent drinking by a woman before conception can lead to the fact that she cannot bear any of the emerging pregnancies at all.
And this is the best available option for consequences like “saw at conception” or “after the party we got pregnant”! The use of strong alcohol in the first trimester of pregnancy, when all the organs and systems of the future baby are laid, is fraught with the development of fetal alcohol syndrome in a child.
Such children have a whole bunch of deformities and abnormalities in the work of the internal organs:
- disfigured face
- mental and physical retardation
- bad hearing
- vision problems
- deformation of the chest, underdevelopment of the upper or lower extremities.
Possible effects of alcohol use during conception:
Unfortunately, it is impossible to determine in advance how much alcohol can cause negative consequences for the unborn child. A child with disabilities may be born to a woman who moderately consumes alcohol, while a drunken alcoholic will give birth to a relatively healthy baby. Therefore, an ideal option for conceiving healthy offspring would be a complete rejection of alcohol. How many do not drink before family planning? If it is impossible to give up alcohol, it would be good to abstain for at least 3-5 months in order to restore health.
Nevertheless, serious fetal problems are more likely with the systematic use of ethanol. Therefore, as soon as a woman learns about pregnancy, you should immediately stop drinking feasts, begin to lead a healthy lifestyle in order to increase the chances of your child to be born completely healthy.
The content of the article
- How does male intoxication affect conception
- Is it possible to alcohol pregnant
- What affects the quality of male sperm?
Upon learning of pregnancy, women usually begin to remember when and in what circumstances conception occurred. And if it turns out that these are the consequences of a fun party, where not only the expectant mother was in a state of intoxication, but also the father of the baby, the woman begins to get nervous and feel guilty. Our ancestors knew that drunken conception was dangerous: in the old days in Russia young people were forbidden to drink at a wedding. So how much intoxication will affect the health of the unborn child?
The effect of alcohol on the male reproductive system
Not always men consciously prepare for conception and childbirth. For many, a glass before bedtime to relax, or beer on Fridays is not considered shameful, something that will drastically affect the health of a man or his offspring. However, this is not entirely true. With regular use of alcohol, sperm cells become less mobile, their quality deteriorates, and even hormonal disorders in the reproductive system can occur. It is also known that addiction to alcohol is inherited in 90% of cases.
The influence of the drunkenness of the future father is much stronger at conception than the drunkenness of the future mother. The fact is that in normal, healthy men, about a quarter of the sperm are pathological. In a sober state, they do not participate in conception. However, alcohol penetrates into the seminal fluid, disrupting the chromosomal row of sperm, and there is a risk of fertilization of the pathological sex cell, which is fraught with genetic abnormalities of the unborn child. In about half of the births of a child with a developmental lag, drunken fathers are to blame.
There is another important point. Sperm cells ripen about every three months. Accordingly, if a man has consumed alcohol in the past three months, this may also affect conception. Therefore, future fathers are recommended to abstain from alcohol and smoking during this period of pregnancy planning.
Consequences of a drunken conception
Alcohol inhibits fetal cell division, which especially affects the development of the brain.In the best case, the future child may have difficulties with intellectual, mental and behavioral development, heart disease, joint pathology, at worst these are deformities: the wolf's mouth and cleft lip are often found in children of alcoholics. And such congenital pathologies are often irreversible.
Alcohol is a toxin that may well disrupt the chromosome chains of the fetus. In this case, spontaneous miscarriages, miscarriage, and damage to the fetal nervous system are possible.
Is it possible to drink alcohol before conceiving
The fact that alcohol consumed by the mother can lead to the birth of a sick child, people knew in ancient times. Therefore, many people for women up to 30 years, even beer was banned. For men, society is much more condescending. Only excessive drinking was blamed.
Only in the 20th century, studies were conducted that clearly showed that father’s alcoholism is almost more dangerous to the health of children than mother’s drunkenness. It turned out that 70% of chronic alcoholics had drinking fathers, and only 10% had mothers. Even more impressive was the statistics collected in one of the psychiatric clinics in Paris at the beginning of the 20th century. It turned out that every fifth idiot child had a drunkard father.
The effect of alcohol on the reproductive function of men
For the body, ethanol is poison, but, in addition, it is also an excellent solvent. Once in the stomach, alcohol is rapidly absorbed into the blood. Its concentration can be especially high in seminal fluid. Moreover, alcohol is removed from the reproductive system for the longest time, that is, the consequences of drinking drunk in a few days.
Seminal fluid, which gets ethanol, turns into an aggressive environment. If the sperm of a healthy, sober man contains only 25% of pathological sperm (with defects), then in a drunk person this figure may exceed 50%. Under normal conditions, abnormal spermatozoa rarely participate in conception: they are inactive and most often not viable. But in the seminal fluid containing ethanol, the movement of healthy spermatozoa slows down. As a result, the risk that an ovum is fertilized by a sperm cell with damaged DNA increases significantly.
It is known that maturation of spermatozoa (spermatogenesis) takes about three months. And at any time, ethanol can negatively affect their DNA. Accordingly, a man who wants to conceive a healthy child should abstain from alcohol for at least three months.
It should also be borne in mind that under the influence of alcohol zinc is rapidly excreted from the body. The lack of this trace element in the blood leads to a decrease in potency. Therefore, a person who drinks a person’s chances of conceiving a child is much less than a person who leads a healthy lifestyle.
The influence of alcohol on male reproductive function
Society has a negative attitude towards alcohol in early pregnancy. But it is considered that there is no negative effect of alcohol on the conception of a child in men. Therefore, the future fathers drink without fear when planning a pregnancy. But intoxication as a result of drinking ethanol (and even worse - drug use) significantly affects sperm, changing their activity and quality.
At conception two genetic sets merge - male and female. It’s irresponsible to think that only the expectant mother needs to prepare for pregnancy. Only one spermatozoon is needed for fertilization of the egg, but it must be the best.
A man can not drink before conceiving for the simple reason that alcohol equalizes the chances of healthy and strong cells with pathological. About a quarter of the sperm in modern young people have various kinds of disorders. In the competition for the egg wins the most powerful, healthy and fast - this happens in people leading a sober lifestyle. If the future dad misses a few glasses before conceiving, the alcohol and sperm will interrelate. Strong and healthy cells will be on a par with pathological. As a result, the chances of success for them will be leveled.
Men think that beer does not affect the conception of a child. In reality, this low alcohol drink is a natural source of estrogen. Therefore, the representatives of the stronger sex, having an addiction to it, the body changes its structure according to the female type. The effect of beer on the conception of a child in men is obvious: testosterone levels decrease in the body, hyperestrogenism is formed, sexual desire is suppressed, and semen quality deteriorates.
If the patients are not enough of these arguments, then doctors recommend to make sure of everything yourself. The effect of alcohol on semen can be checked as follows: take an analysis and evaluate the result, then refrain from drinking alcohol for at least 3 months and repeat the procedure. Comparative characteristics plunge.
The effect of alcohol on women's health
The woman has even more unfavorable projections. Ethanol affects ovulation. From the moment of birth, the girl has a certain number of future follicles. If during the life of a woman consumes alcohol, then it destroys the genetic set of future gametes. Ovules lose their quality, their shell is destroyed, there are breakdowns. Even if the girl does not plan to become pregnant now, the negative effects of alcohol may occur in the future.
Alcohol and ovulation followed by conception are incompatible concepts. Regular consumption of alcohol (even if it is drinking beer 3-4 times a week) causes ovarian depletion. Impacting beer phytoestrogens cause hormone-dependent diseases - endometriosis, fibroids, ovarian cysts. Stronger drinks affect the brain, heart and liver, impairing blood circulation. Drunk conception causes detachment, hematomas, miscarriages and incomplete self-abortions.
It is unrealistic to track the effect of alcohol on a woman's eggs, by analogy with the examination of the quality of male seminal fluid. But in patients who abuse alcohol, menopause occurs earlier, tumors of benign and malignant origin are more often formed, and life expectancy is reduced.
How many do not drink before conceiving when planning pregnancy
Couples planning a child, doubt for how long you can not drink alcohol before conceiving. If it is a question of frequent consumption and large doses of alcohol, then it is desirable to exclude such situations completely, and not just in preparation for pregnancy. A healthy lifestyle when planning - half the way to the birth of children without congenital abnormalities.
It is clear that most adults fail to get rid of alcohol completely. Holidays, birthdays, corporate parties - one way or another alcohol is present and consumed. Therefore, it is important for the couple to observe a clear time range during which alcohol cannot be consumed when planning a pregnancy. It is recommended not to drink before conceiving a man for at least 3-4 months. During this period, a full cycle of spermatogenesis occurs. Only when giving up all bad habits can we assume that a man is ready to conceive.
A woman has the same terms - 3-4 months. It is important to completely exclude alcohol from the beginning of the menstrual cycle, in which conception is planned. The maturation of the egg begins from the first days of menstruation and ends with ovulation after about 2-3 weeks.
As you can see, a man has to prepare more for planning a pregnancy than his partner. This proves once again that the responsibility lies not only with the woman.
Saw alcohol, not knowing that pregnant
Alcohol in the first month of pregnancy can have an irreparable impact on the unborn child. There are many cases where a woman did not know about pregnancy and drank to delay. How serious the consequences of carelessness will be depends not only on the quantity but also on the quality of the liquor.
It is believed that alcohol in the first days after conception or in the first week after conception will not harm the embryo. During this period, the woman has not yet learned about the new situation, as the fertilized egg moves toward its goal within 5-10 days after fertilization. If the future mother drank alcohol in the form of a glass of wine or a glass of beer, then she and her baby are not in danger. The development of the child during this period is not yet dependent on the woman, because the blood circulation between them has not yet been established.
If alcohol in the first week of pregnancy was consumed in large quantities and mostly strong, then miscarriage or its threat is not excluded. As is known, ethanol penetrates all biological fluids. With and without pregnancy, alcohol is found in the pelvic organs. Large doses of spirits cause intoxication of the ovum, even if it has not yet been implanted. Therefore, expectant mothers should completely eliminate alcohol during pregnancy.
Spirits with IVF
It is not recommended to drink alcohol in the protocol of in vitro fertilization, including beer, wine, champagne. The body of a woman under the action of hormones is working for wear to produce high-quality oocytes in sufficient quantities. In addition, the drugs used in the protocol (Gonal F, Puregon, Clomid, Menopur, Pregnil and others) have a toxic effect on the liver. If you additionally take alcohol, then problems with this body in the future can not be avoided.
The concepts of IVF and alcohol are incompatible. Infertility requires a responsible approach to treatment. Theoretically, after puncture of the follicles before the embryo transfer, you can drink alcohol. During this period, the germ cells are located outside the woman’s body. However, no one can guarantee that alcohol will not affect the result of in vitro fertilization.
Our consultant obstetrician-gynecologist Anna Sozinova:
Begin planning pregnancy should be no later than 3 months before the intended conception. During this period of time, you should categorically refuse to take alcohol to both prospective parents. Of course, pregnancy does not occur on order, and there is no guarantee that after exactly 3 months of abstinence from drinking alcohol, a woman will become pregnant. This period can last up to six months - a year.
Naturally, it is difficult to observe the “dry law” all the time, all the more so without knowing about the timing of the long-awaited event. Therefore, the use of one - two glasses of wine, but not strong drinks, about or just in the mood about once every 1 - 2 months, is not forbidden to future parents.
It is especially important to give up alcohol during the planning period for the future father. It is known that spermatozoa are updated every 3 months, and it would seem okay if the partner exceeds the standard of alcohol now, because the previously formed sperm will take part in fertilization. But no. It is proved that a single abundant consumption of alcohol changes the properties of both newly formed and previously formed sperm, that is, equalizes the chances between sedentary, defective and healthy sperm, so a man should especially refrain from alcohol abuse during the planning period.
For women, everything is easier and harder at the same time. Oocytes are laid in the period of prenatal development, and all harmful factors that act during female life have a negative impact on their health. It is better not to abuse alcohol at all, than temporarily to become an ardent opponent of him for 3-6 months.
If fertilization occurred in a drunken state of both partners, this may result in an early miscarriage as a result of a violation of the implantation of the ovum or its genetic defects (abnormal genes from “drunk” spermatozoa). In this case we are talking about biochemical pregnancy, when the fertilized egg is present, but not yet attached to the uterine wall. Alcohol interferes with its implantation, the egg cell dies and leaves the uterus along with menstruation (the woman does not even know that she was pregnant).
But even with implanted implantation, prior to a pregnancy test, drinking a woman’s alcohol can trigger an early miscarriage.
Conception in intoxication
Why today, when medicine has reached incredible heights in development, children continue to be born with all sorts of congenital anomalies. Someone violations are found already at birth, and someone learns about them already at an older age. Genetics and scientists warn that such problems originate in the harmful and unhealthy addictions of parents. After all, the parental genetic biomaterial used for the generation of offspring is able to retain all the negatives received by parents as a result of a poor lifestyle (nicotine, drugs, alcohol, etc.). Therefore, conceiving a child while intoxicated cannot be allowed.
If at least one of the parents is prone to alcohol abuse and periodically allows for this, then a variety of dysfunctions can be found in the body of a newborn baby, due precisely to the wrong attitude to alcohol.
The nature itself has provided that the best quality characteristics of parents are transmitted by inheritance: stress resistance and immunity, endurance, etc. But this transmission property has negative sides, because besides positive qualities, distorted negative characteristics can also be transmitted. A similar effect is observed when the parental organism, under the influence of unfavorable factors, adapted to negative conditions, therefore such information was recorded in the genetic code for the offspring. And to determine for sure what exactly is transmitted at this stage is quite difficult.
Alcohol also makes the body adapt, modifies liver function, violates hormonal and cardiovascular activity. These changes are remembered at the DNA level, therefore, it is absolutely impossible to conceive while intoxicated with alcohol.
How alcohol affects sperm
Hot drinks help to relax and increase libido, relieve stress, which is perceived by men only from the positive side. But the use of alcohol in high doses only adversely affects the quality of sperm and the number of full sperm in it. Penetrating into the bloodstream, and then into the sperm, ethanol inhibits sperm activity, with the result that sperm cells become less active, slow-moving, a large number of abnormal male cells appear. When there is a mass of defective spermatozoa in the seminal fluid, it may not get to conception.
If a man abuses alcohol long enough, the number of sperm drops by about 20%, and almost nothing depends on the strength of alcohol. A similar syndrome of sperm deficiency seriously reduces the chances of paternity in seemingly healthy and young men. Sperm cells usually ripen for 2.5 months, but if a man continues to drink alcohol firmly, his body loses the ability to produce healthy sperm, they are initially doomed to various pathologies.
In any relative healthy male, about 30% of sick sperm are present in sperm, and in a sperm of a drinking person, the picture is deplorable - anomalies or the absolute absence of viable tadpoles. In this scenario, a man is unlikely to be able to participate in the conception of a child. Alcohol affects male potency, reducing the quality of erection and reducing the duration of sexual intimacy. A well-established alcoholic syndrome with frequent hard drinking leads to a complete absence of erection.
Effect of ethanol on female cells
Much more destructive alcohol affects the female reproduction. Spermatozoa are periodically updated, but the female eggs get the mistress at birth, laid down in the process of intrauterine development.
- The ovaries try to protect the female eggs from external negative influences, but they cannot withstand ethanol.
- How does alcohol affect conception? Alcohol leaks through the ovarian membrane and causes mutational changes in the egg.
- If in the future she is fertilized and the baby is born, he will most likely suffer from some abnormal genetic mutation.
Therefore, alcohol can affect the eggs even when conception is not planned. With excessive abuse of women develops alcoholism, which can lead to infertility. Therefore, a woman needs to monitor the amount of alcohol consumed throughout her life, and not just before pregnancy. If in the past a woman suffered from alcohol addiction, it is still not a fact that the former alcoholic will give birth to healthy offspring, even if she did not drink alcohol before conceiving for a long time.
Alcoholic abstinence before conception
As you can see, the responsibility for the health of future offspring lies with both parents, because they are equally involved in the formation of the baby’s genetic code. Поэтому нужно не пить перед зачатием, чтобы исключить любые патологии у потомства. Свой след на генетическом коде достаточно часто оставляет алкоголизм предыдущих поколений, например, когда алкоголизмом страдают дедушки/бабушки, их дети, а потом и внуки. Именно поэтому крайне важно правильно подходить к планированию беременности, чтобы исключить влияние алкоголя на зачатие ребенка.
Presence before conception in the blood of even a very small amount of alcohol is completely undesirable. Even champagne or beer should also be banned. How much can not drink before conception? According to experts, the most optimal period of abstinence for both spouses is considered to be 3 months, and ideally it is recommended to exclude alcohol consumption before conception for six months. During this period, the functions of the reproductive system will be restored, and the organic structures will be cleansed of alcohol and its metabolites. In addition to the refusal of alcohol, you need to take vitamin preparations and undergo a diagnostic examination for the presence of pathologies.
And if in moderation
There is a myth that if parents use in moderation, then nothing terrible at conception can happen. Many supporters of this theory believe that sperm participate in fertilization, which have matured for 2.5-3 months, that is, old cells that do not have time to spoil with alcohol. But experts, appealing by facts, repeatedly proved that as a result of conceiving in a drunken state at least one of the partners, physical and immunological disorders can develop, such children are born with external deformities and intraorganic deviations, pathologically weak immunity and the presence of chronic pathologies.
Often conception in alcohol intoxication leads to the birth of babies with mental disabilities and impaired mental development. In such children, the shape of the face changes and features in appearance appear that indicate alcohol syndrome. Similar changes occur on a genetic basis. Such babies have problems with academic performance, the concentration of attention is disturbed, etc. But the worst thing that a successful attempt at conceiving under alcohol can lead to is the inheritance of an alcoholic gene, as a result of which the child already in the womb gets an inherited tendency to alcohol addiction.
Pregnancy and alcohol - a dangerous combination
What mommy breathes and what she eats inside - everything comes to her child. More recently, experts have argued that women are extremely useful and should be consumed wines of red varieties that improve appetite and increase hemoglobin. But after many years, scientists have proven that mothers who consume about 5 grams of alcohol per day give birth to children who have a fatal alcohol syndrome, which confirms that alcohol should not be consumed during the planning and gestation stages, otherwise the consequences can be fatal.
At the beginning of gestation, the formation of all intraorganic systems occurs, the most important organs such as the liver, lungs, vertebral structures, and stomach are laid. The maternal organism, which uses alcoholic beverages, becomes aggressive towards the developing fetus. Even a small dose of ethanol can trigger a failure in any system of the developing fetus. In other words, even a healthy embryo conceived without alcohol influence can become genetically ill if its mother consumes alcohol daily during the first months of gestation. In such children, at birth, alcohol syndrome is often detected.
In children, a complex of disturbances and external deformities such as a disfigured face and hearing or vision impairment, delays in the development of a physical or mental character, immaturity of the extremities, or chest cell deformity are detected. In the following months, alcohol and conception are also an unacceptable combination. If a pregnant woman regularly consumes strong drinks, her baby cannot avoid birth with pathologies. And as beer affects the unborn man, so does wine and whiskey and other alcohol have a negative effect on him. From any alcoholic beverage emanate only harm.
So, alcohol is dangerous - it is a fact. Any alcohol should not be drunk before conceiving for at least 3 months, and preferably six months. It is impossible to say how much alcohol will be safe for a child developing inside, therefore, doctors recommend discarding the use of any alcohol.
But if it turned out that the woman did not know about the pregnancy and drank alcohol, then you should not flee the abortion in fear. Accidental use of fiery products is unlikely to cause significant damage to the baby. Now you know how much you need not to drink before planning and what is fraught with disregard of the ban on alcohol.
The effect of alcohol on the reproductive function of women
When a girl is born, her ovaries already contain about 500 thousand follicles. This is a lifetime supply. During the reproductive period, only 400–500 of them will mature.
Soaking into the blood and getting into the female reproductive system, ethanol destroys the DNA of the eggs. Some of them are dying. If a woman does not abuse alcohol, then ovulation occurs on time, and the supply of follicles is such that the loss of even a few thousand will not harm the child-bearing function.
However, there are cases when an egg cell with damaged DNA not only survives, but also fertilizes. Then a sick child can be born. For example, the cause of the birth of Siamese twins is precisely the damage to the DNA of the egg. Which egg is ripe for fertilization - no one knows. But the more a woman drinks, the worse the condition of her follicles and the higher the probability of conceiving a child with mental or physical disabilities.
So it does not really matter when a girl abuses alcohol: in her early youth or on the day of conception. Therefore, for any woman of childbearing age, moderation in the use of even low alcohol alcoholic beverages is a necessary condition for the birth of a healthy baby.
But all that has been said above does not mean that a woman is allowed to drink alcohol immediately before sexual intercourse (some particularly desperate women may assume that it will not be any worse). Indeed, doctors say that if the expectant mother is drunk at the moment of conception, this will not affect the condition of the fertilized egg.
Another is terrible: under the action of ethanol, secretion of the secretory fluid in the fallopian (fallopian) tubes is enhanced, which can cause blockage. A fertilized egg takes several days to get into the uterus through the fallopian tube and gain a foothold there. Because of the blockage of the fallopian tube, the egg begins to develop in it, and not reaching the uterus. Thus, drinking alcohol immediately before conception or after it increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy.
Is it possible to drink alcohol after conception
Sometimes a woman who discovers that she is pregnant recalls with horror that she drank a glass of wine a few days after conception. You shouldn’t be especially afraid: from conception to embedding of the embryo in the uterus (implantation) it takes at least five days. During this period, alcohol in the mother’s body will not harm the unborn child.
But when the embryo consolidates in the uterus and begins to develop, it becomes very sensitive to both ethanol and its decay products (acetaldehyde). Even small doses of alcohol can cause spasms of vessels of the placenta and umbilical cord.
The embryo simply suffocates due to lack of oxygen, and oxygen starvation provokes disturbances in the development of the fetus. Very often, children of drinking mothers are born premature, with diseases of the central nervous system, abnormalities of various organs.
Doctors believe that if the expectant mother feels good, then for the entire period of pregnancy she is allowed to drink a glass of dry wine once or twice. However, it must be remembered that excessive alcohol consumption at any stage of pregnancy can lead to miscarriage.
Alcohol and the conception of a healthy child are incompatible. Therefore, when planning a pregnancy, future parents should completely abandon alcohol, as well as undergo a preliminary medical examination.
Man drinking alcohol
The presence of ethanol in the sperm fluid (sperm liquid fraction) equalizes the strength of healthy and low-quality sperm. Mobility of "good" male germ cells is lost. The healthy competition on which the fertilization mechanism is built is suppressed: the strongest wins (meaning the highest quality, healthy and genetically complete spermatozoon).
This leads to an increase in the probability of conception by a sperm cell with poor-quality genetic information. Therefore, “drunken conception” becomes the cause of miscarriages, missed pregnancies, congenital deformities, improper physical and mental development. This lists the most adverse effects that occur in the near future.
Pregnancy may not occur. Implantation (attachment of the embryo to the wall of the uterus) is preceded by a biochemical dialogue between the endometrium and the blastocyst, and the intervention of ethanol molecules in this process is clearly out of place.
If the pregnancy has come and ended successfully with childbirth, then the developmental delay may occur at a later age. Moreover, due to the fact that the consequences will not be immediately visible, in most cases, they are not associated with alcohol use before conceiving. For the baby was born relatively healthy.
A disappointing picture emerges. Because people use alcohol-containing drinks from time to time, and then comes the "night of love." This is not about alcoholism. And children are born and, according to reviews on the forums, their parents are completely satisfied. How can this be explained? By luck, by the love of the Most High?
- First, the quantity / quality of the drink.
- Secondly, by the subjectivity of opinion (what kind of woman admits that her child is somewhat inferior).
- And thirdly, each organism has its own level of metabolism of ethyl alcohol. In some people, it quickly disintegrates, in others more slowly. It depends on the level of health - the working state of the liver, lungs (a person loses part of ethanol with exhaled air), kidneys, and the amount of the enzyme produced - alcohol dehydrogenase. Under the action of the enzyme is the breakdown of ethyl alcohol. The faster the body gets rid of alcohol, the less its effect on reproductive cells.
Let this phrase not sound a call to alcohol before conceiving, but alcohol during pregnancy will have an even more detrimental effect on the fetus.
How many do not drink before conceiving?
Public opinion censures alcohol, especially when it comes to pregnancy and children. Doctors, mainly against alcohol. Recommend to refrain from alcohol for 3-4 months before pregnancy. Conception is not an event to experiment with. It is better to abandon conception after alcohol, so you will be sure that you have done everything so that your child was born not only loved, but also healthy.