Pregnancy

Why is it reducing legs during pregnancy?

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Symptoms such as severe aching pain in the muscles or in the foot, a feeling of tightness in the legs, a feeling of heaviness and fatigue, even after a short walk, show up in 60% of the adult population.

These symptoms can be called harbingers of seizures. And during pregnancy, sensations, when suddenly reduces legs, especially at night, almost all women experience.

Possible reasons for reducing legs during pregnancy

In medicine, cramps are local, or simply speaking, it makes the legs during pregnancy - this is an involuntary and painful contraction of the muscles. Causes can be both diseases that were observed, or were not observed before pregnancy, and pregnancy itself can trigger the occurrence of seizures. Therefore, in case of frequent convulsions, pain persisting in the places where the legs are kept up to 24 hours, swelling or discoloration of the skin in the places where they are located, it is necessary to inform the doctor who is pregnant about this problem. For clarity of the picture, pregnant women should know the reasons that are provocateurs of such phenomena:

1. Hypothermia or vice versa, overheating. Even completely healthy people are not recommended temperature drops, and for the expectant mother this is an exorbitant load on the body. In the cold, the woman tries to group, warming in this way. At the same time, muscles as tense as possible, which, when relaxed, can cause their spasm.

The heat for pregnant women is dangerous because the body, weakened by pregnancy, quickly loses the fluid and salts necessary for proper metabolism, which can also lead to muscle spasms.

2. Walking in uncomfortable shoes. This is also a warning not only for pregnant women, and it is clear that a large load on the legs implies their fatigue, and uncomfortable shoes only aggravate their condition: blood circulation worsens, muscles are not supplied with sufficient oxygen and blood, and as a result - convulsions.

3. Mobility or long sitting position. Such a situation, like the previous one, does not fully provide the vessels with blood and oxygen, except that convulsions are possible, there is a prospect for the development of varicose veins and arthritis. Moderately active life is superfluous neither for pregnant women, nor for anyone else.

4. Flat feet and varicose veins. The condition of the foot is very important for the calf muscles. Flat feet dramatically reduces the amount of movement of the foot, it becomes "wooden", which complicates the process of blood flow through the tibia. Any violation of the blood flow can lead to varicose veins, thrombophlebitis and other diseases, which is the reason that during pregnancy reduces the legs.

5. Excess weight, and such is present during pregnancy, guarantees the load on the legs and their fatigue. In addition, the fetus, located in the pelvis, squeezes blood vessels and violates the outflow of blood in the lower extremities. This phenomenon reduces the legs during pregnancy.

6. Diuretic drugs or pressure regulating drugs. Often, pregnancy is accompanied by kidney disease or pressure surges. Women take drugs that are aimed at excretion of excess sodium. He retains water in the body, from which the pressure rises. And excretion along with sodium potassium and magnesium is a secondary side effect of the drug. The membrane in the excitable tissues, especially in the muscles, becomes unstable, there is a release of calcium into the muscles, which causes cramps.

7. Genetic factor. If one of the parents of the woman suffered from leg cramps, then there is the likelihood of this unpleasant phenomenon in the woman herself, especially during pregnancy.

8. The first trimester of pregnancy is often accompanied toxicosis (vomiting and loss of appetite), which leads to the loss of essential trace elements for both the expectant mother and the child. The second and third trimester leads to the loss of trace elements from enhanced growth of the fetus and the formation of various structures. This may be the root cause of the fact that during pregnancy reduces legs.

Diagnosis: if when reduces legs during pregnancy

Based on the numerous reasons that lead to the fact that legs are reduced during pregnancy, a question arises in women, which doctor’s consultation is necessary for the manifestation of such a problem? First of all, the gynecologist who is leading the woman’s pregnancy should know about this. Depending on the cause of the convulsions, the gynecologist himself will determine which doctor’s consultation is necessary. This can be either a neurologist, or the help of a phlebologist, endocrinologist, orthopedist, or other specialists is needed. Additional clinical and laboratory studies, as well as expert advice, will allow to decide on further actions.

Action in diseases

The slightest deviation from the norm should be observed by experts to avoid complications during pregnancy and after it. The child needs a healthy mother.

In case of flat feet, it is necessary to massage the reflexogenic points of the feet with the help of special massage mats or balls. It improves blood circulation and relaxes the foot, after which the blood outflow improves. This problem must be solved with the orthopedist.

With varicose veins, with the help of a phlebologist, a special compression garment is selected. The participation of the phlebologist is necessary for the proper selection of the size and degree of compression, only in this case, the wearing of special clothes will be effective.

The endocrinologist, controlling the level of sugar in the blood, prescribes medications that are acceptable during pregnancy, and selects the optimal diet necessary for correcting the level of sugar in the body. The endocrinologist also controls the thyroid gland, which can fail during pregnancy.

Any other changes associated with the disease should be monitored by specialists of the appropriate direction, to which the gynecologist directs.

When reducing legs during pregnancy - help yourself

Once having experienced painful cramps, there is no desire to experience this again. Some women are even afraid of approaching the night. In order not to reach such an absurd situation, it is advisable to report such a phenomenon to your doctor after the first time. Well, if you are still taken aback by this terrible pain, then some tricks will help get rid of it:

• Sit on the bed in such a way that the healthy leg is on the floor and the patient is lying on the bed. Carefully reaching up to the toes with your hand, you should slowly pull them towards you. So you need to repeat until the pain subsides. In conclusion, it is desirable to gently massage the muscles until slightly warming.

• With your feet pointed, massage your affected leg. It is from the place in which severe pain is felt, you need to start light massaging movements.

• The ancient way, when reducing the legs during pregnancy - it is better not to use a needle to prick a muscle. Instead, you can use permanently on hand mustard plaster. The putty mustard plaster on the sore spot, warming, soothes and relaxes the muscles.

• Pharmacies sell cooling gels and creams based on horse chestnut, so they are not dangerous for pregnant women. At night or at the time of pain, apply a gel on the sore spot. By cooling, the gel soothes the muscles.

Prevention

Regular convulsions can not be tolerated, and it is not safe, so you should try to isolate yourself from possible troubles. And the main ways should be:

Balanced diet. Increase the amount of magnesium and potassium in the form of tomato, baked potatoes, watermelon, buckwheat porridge, chocolate, banana, dried apricots, raisins and nuts. It is the lack of these microelements that provokes that unbearable pain, when during pregnancy the legs move together.

Contrast Foot Bath, and the contrast can be with a difference of five degrees. The procedure ends with water at a comfortable temperature. Baths can be done with the addition of sea salt, it helps accelerate muscle relaxation.

In the absence of varicose veins, self-massage is used. This can be either stroking from foot to shin, or vibratory tapping.

Exercises affecting the calf muscles. When doing exercises you need to feel the tension in this area. For example, in the prone position, lift the legs as far as possible and make vibration movements, that is, light tremor with the legs. Or, standing against a wall and resting your hands on it, lift yourself up on your toes, applying maximum effort to strain your calf muscles. Sitting on the couch, you can alternately get it on socks, then on the heels. Exercise is simple but effective.

Comfortable shoes - This is the main condition during pregnancy, and especially when the legs are often reduced. The heel should be stable and not more than five centimeters, and the shoe and shoe insoles should be of high quality.

• Smoking, coffee and tea are obligatory excluded so as not to aggravate the condition of the blood vessels working so hard during pregnancy.

Gymnastics for the legs. Rising on their toes at least ten times a day, women train and oxygenate the calf muscles, thus avoiding unpleasant seizures.

Rest with legs raised up. This position is optimal for free circulation of blood from the limbs. As far as possible, try to rest in this position for two or three times a day for twenty minutes.

Sleep on the left side. The vena cava, which carries the largest amount of blood in the body, is on the right. In order to release pressure on her, you should lie as little as possible on your right side. Thus, the movement of blood is not disturbed, respectively, so you can avoid unnecessary provocateurs of seizures.

Folk remedies: if it reduces the legs during pregnancy

Only in the case when you are sure that pregnancy is the provocateur of seizures, can you turn to the popular ways of getting rid of painful sensations. It is not recommended to drink weeds and use any drugs during pregnancy, without prescription from a doctor, but procedures such as salt baths and the like will not be superfluous.

A great way to prevent and prevent pain syndrome cramps can be self-made warmer. To do this, you need to stock up on dried bones of cherries or plums (any bones of the fruit), put them in a small sock or sew a bag for them. Before bedtime, warming up the bag in the microwave, attach to the painful places, you can gently massage them. The bones keep warm for a long time, so mustard plasters are easily replaced. Instead of seeds, you can use sunflower seeds.

Do not miss the opportunity to walk barefoot in the morning dew or sea sand. This procedure replaces special mats. Any morning walks are useful for expectant mothers.

Lemongrass or Peppermint Seeds applied to the patch, which, in turn, is glued to the sore spot. If the foot hurts more often, then it should be glued to the foot. This method, though not everyone is credible in terms of effectiveness, but it is very effective. The patch is applied for 12 hours, the procedure can be repeated, replacing the patch with a new one.

The problem was caught by surprise when, during pregnancy, legs are twisted, remember compliance principle. For those who do not know, the way is really effective:

Two middle fingers (middle and ring fingers) are responsible for our feet. If the foot is cramped in the foot area, then we massage the terminal phalanx of the fingers, if the leg is, then you can massage or press the middle phalanx of the finger, and so on. If it is not possible to massage, then you can make a mark with a red marker in the corresponding zone. This experiment was performed on many women, acts.

Sweet future moms! Do not self-medicate, contact the doctor in time with all your problems. Together it is much easier to solve them.

Causes and mechanisms

If your leg is cramped, you can immediately say one thing: the cause is muscle spasm or cramp. And lower limbs suffer by chance, because they are under constant stress. And most often it is necessary to ascertain the tension of the calf muscles, as the most involved in everyday life. To flatten the legs can and in the normal state, and during pregnancy the situation is only aggravated.

For a muscle spasm to occur, several things are needed. The first is associated with her hard work and fatigue, and the second is metabolic disorders, affecting mainly calcium metabolism. This element provides uneven-muscular holding and alternation of the processes of contraction and relaxation. Vascular disorders accompanied by tissue hypoxia and other disorders have a separate effect. These mechanisms are just present during pregnancy in the form of the following factors:

  • The lack of trace elements.
  • Increased load on the lower limbs.
  • Varicose veins

These reasons are somehow connected with carrying a child, but some conditions are separate. For example, in parallel with pregnancy, dysfunction of the thyroid gland and hypoparathyroidism can occur, which can have a significant effect on the calcium metabolism in the woman's body, and, consequently, on the state of the muscles.

The reasons for reducing the muscles of the legs are directly related to pregnancy or have a different origin.

While carrying a child, a woman may notice various sensations, but it is necessary for the doctor to identify those that help determine the cause of muscle spasms. First, the woman is interviewed with a fixation and detailing the complaints, and then it is necessary to conduct an inspection and an objective examination. This forms the basis of the primary diagnosis. And considering the cramps in the calves, you need to establish all the characteristics of the symptom:

  • How intense: weak, moderate, strong.
  • When arise: after exercise, at rest and at night.
  • What are the duration and frequency: short-term or long-term, periodic or almost constant.
  • Where are localized: only in the lower extremities (single or bilateral) or cover other areas of the body.

Of course, this symptom may be major, but not the only one. And you need to highlight the accompanying signs associated with it.

Micronutrient deficiency

It is known that during pregnancy increases the need for a woman's body in all nutrients, including trace elements. It is the growing fruit that requires their regular receipt. But not all women have the opportunity to fully eat, which creates conditions for various deficient states, including calcium deficiency. This may be manifested by the following symptoms:

  • Cramps gastrocnemius muscles.
  • Dental caries.
  • Dry and dull hair.
  • Brittleness and separation of nails.
  • Insomnia, irritability.

This problem may be a precursor of obstetric pathology in the second and third trimester, for example, preterm birth or preeclampsia. The latter state has quite serious consequences, because in the heavy version it often turns into eclampsia. And then there are already convulsions of the whole body with a significant deterioration of the fetus and even his death.

To prevent undesirable effects, it is necessary to detect calcium deficiency in time and fill up the lack of trace elements in the body.

Increased load on the lower limbs

When carrying a child, especially in the later periods, the load on the lower extremities and, consequently, their muscular system, increases significantly. Even normally, a woman’s weight increases by no less than 10 kg, and this is already a fairly serious indicator for the skeleton. Contributing factors are also considered:

  • Long stay on the legs.
  • Wearing uncomfortable shoes.
  • Flatfoot.

It is because of overwork that often causes calves to become cramped during pregnancy. This will be accompanied first by pain, and then - when the attack has passed - muscle weakness. But basically this symptom occurs after exercise. If it is noted alone, then you should look for another reason.

Varicose veins

Due to the increased load on the legs, the varicose disease of the lower extremities often develops in the period of carrying the child. This is facilitated by hormonal changes, first of all, an increase in the content of progesterone, which has a vasodilating effect. Varicose veins will be accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • Tired legs in the evening.
  • Puffiness of the lower extremities.
  • The manifestation of dilated veins.
  • Spasmodic muscle contraction.

If a woman had this problem before pregnancy, then in the period of carrying a child she only aggravated. There are venous nodes that can become inflamed (phlebitis). А в условиях повышения активности свертывающей системы с приближением родов, существует риск тромбоза и даже эмболии – опасного состояния, при котором кровяные сгустки могут отрываться от стенки вен и разноситься по организму, закупоривая различные сосуды: легочные, сердечные, мозговые.

Варикозное расширение вен может стать существенной проблемой при беременности, особенно с развитием осложнений.

Гипопаратиреоз

If it reduces leg muscles during pregnancy, then it is necessary to think about the function of the parathyroid glands. This symptom may manifest a lack of synthesis of parathyroid hormone, which leads to a decrease in the calcium content in the blood and, as a consequence, an increase in neuromuscular excitability. Convulsive contractions can cover different muscle groups:

  • Calf ("horse foot").
  • Forearm ("hand obstetrician").
  • Mimic ("fish mouth", "sardonic smile").
  • Chewing (trismus).

In the debut of the disease, patients complain of numbness, tingling of the skin, "crawling goose bumps" in the lower extremities. And during a long course, muscular hypotrophy is formed. In addition, there is a risk of spasm of the respiratory muscles, which is a real danger to life.

Additional diagnostics

Important information about why the legs are reduced during pregnancy, provide the results of additional diagnostics. After a clinical examination, the doctor prescribes certain laboratory and instrumental methods that are consistent with his assumption. Therefore, pregnant women need to prepare for the following procedures:

  • General analysis of blood and urine.
  • Blood biochemistry (parathyroid hormone and calcitonin, total and free calcium, phosphorus, coagulogram).
  • Ultrasound of the thyroid and parathyroid glands.
  • Doppler vein of the lower extremities.

Based on the results of research, a woman may need to consult related specialists, for example, a vascular surgeon or an endocrinologist. This will provide an opportunity to establish the correct diagnosis and carry out the correct correction of violations.

Having determined why there are muscle spasms, it's time to start treatment. As in other cases, only methods that are not able to adversely affect the fetus are shown to pregnant women. Therefore, any impact on the body is carefully weighed and controlled by a doctor.

General recommendations

To reduce the load on the lower limbs in the second and third trimester, the woman is recommended not to be in a vertical position for a long time. You should choose comfortable shoes with minimal heels, and in case of venous insufficiency wear elastic knitwear. You can relax with a few raised legs, which will improve the outflow of blood.

During pregnancy, a woman must eat well, following the recommended requirements. The diet should be complete and varied, meet the daily needs of the body, including all additional costs. When calcium deficiency is necessary to pay special attention to the following products:

  • Milk, kefir, cottage cheese.
  • Hard cheeses.
  • Nuts
  • Legumes
  • Cabbage.
  • Sea fish.

It should also be remembered that the absorption of this element is slowed down in the presence of certain substances, for example, oxalic acid or tannin. And they are contained in sorrel, spinach, pastry and flour products, chocolate, tea and coffee. But it is not necessary to refuse the presented dishes, just try not to use them together with calcium-containing products.

Proper diet for a pregnant woman is an important component of a healthy lifestyle and prevention of deficient conditions.

Medicines

To improve and normalize the general and local metabolic processes in carrying a child, doctors resort to medical correction. It helps to relax the flattened muscles and prevent their further spasm. In such a situation, the most commonly prescribed drugs are:

  • Calcium and vitamin D preparations (Calcemin).
  • Venotonics (Detralex).
  • Antispasmodics (No-shpa).
  • Soothing (Sedavit).

If thrombophlebitis occurs, then it is necessary to supplement the therapy with anti-inflammatory (Ksefokam, Ortofen) and antiaggregates (Lospirin). Topical treatment is to apply ointments or gel (Eskuzan, Troxevasin).

To relax the calf muscles, well foot massage helps. It has a warming effect, improves blood circulation in the tissues, stimulates venous and lymphatic drainage. Mostly they use classical massage techniques: stroking, rubbing, kneading, pressing. But acupuncture (Su-jok), which is part of the structure of reflexotherapy, is also widespread.

Many women wonder what to do if their legs are reduced during pregnancy. Turning to the doctor, you can get rid of uncertainty and empty unrest. The specialist will conduct the necessary diagnostics, indicating the reason for the changes. And according to the survey results, he will prescribe a treatment that will relieve the unpleasant sensations in the lower limbs.

Why bends legs during pregnancy

This is necessary in order to exclude the likelihood of developing varicose veins. Indeed, during pregnancy, the outflow of venous blood from the lower extremities is disturbed: the growing uterus exerts significant pressure on the vessels of the small pelvis and can squeeze the inferior vena cava, eventually provoking spasms of the legs. If a woman suffered from varicose disease even before pregnancy, the situation is even more aggravated. The reason for the situation when legs are reduced during pregnancy can be incorrectly chosen casual clothing, which hampers blood circulation in the legs and muscle fatigue after a long stay on the legs, walking, and constant wearing of heels. But still, in most cases, gastrocnemius muscle cramps are associated with impaired metabolism of minerals in the future mother's body, primarily calcium, potassium, and magnesium.

It is known that during pregnancy a woman experiences a double load: the body of the expectant mother should provide all nutrients not only herself but also the unborn baby. Accordingly, the consumption of vitamins and minerals increases, and the pregnant woman does not always get them in sufficient quantities, using the usual diet. “Mother’s” kid uses calcium to build his bone skeleton, while the normal exchange of minerals is possible only if minerals are present in the body in the required amount. If one of them is missing, the exchange is violated, which irreversibly leads to certain consequences. And one of them is the fact that the woman reduces her legs during pregnancy.

Reasons - why during pregnancy does your legs twist?

Immediately after conception and fertilization of the egg, the woman's body begins restructuring. The functioning of all systems is aimed at preserving and forming an embryo inside the womb. Therefore, already from the first weeks, there may be a situation when legs are reduced in pregnant women. This reaction is often associated with the onset of early toxicosis. Constant vomiting leads to dehydration and a significant loss of vitamins and trace elements.

If the calf reduces the legs in the second trimester, then the situation is caused by the active growth of the fetus. The body initially sends all the nutrients inside the womb to the fetus. Thus, the needs of the female body remain in the background, which again leads to an insufficient supply of minerals and trace elements.

When your legs are cramped during pregnancy, this can also indicate a woman’s poor diet. The predominance of harmful products in the daily menu leads to an increase in body weight, with a lack of nutrients.

The causes of seizures in late periods are associated with the following factors:

  • the abundant use of diuretic drugs, including decoctions of medicinal herbs, leads to an intensive output of nutrients in the urine,
  • varicose veins are characterized by stagnant reactions when the blood slows down its movement, thereby worsening the trophism of muscles,
  • the edematous reactions and the accumulation of fluid in the tissues indicate a slow blood flow, the flow of substances into the muscles is significantly complicated,
  • the pressure of a significantly increased uterine cavity on the pelvic arteries makes it difficult for the blood to drain from the lower extremities, which provokes convulsive syndrome.
In the third trimester of pregnancy, the leg muscles involuntarily reduces at night. There is a painful sensation in the muscle tissues, the toe of the foot pulls, and for some time it is impossible to move the leg yourself. This condition is not rarely associated with pathological processes - thrombosis, anemia, dehydration, or endocrine dysfunction.

What to do if it reduces the legs during pregnancy?

If you reduce your legs during pregnancy, then in the first two trimesters, the adjustment of the diet can be a solution. First of all, all pregnant women lack calcium, this trace element performs the building function of bone tissue in a child. In order to avoid such a shortage, it will be necessary to increase the amount of dairy and sour milk products, especially cottage cheese will be useful.

To replenish magnesium in the body, you should diversify the daily menu of buckwheat cereal, nuts, carrots and various types of greens. Potassium is found in legumes, potatoes, dried apricots and bananas. In order for beneficial microelements not to be removed from the body, it is necessary to reduce the consumption of tea and coffee, and it is better to completely abandon these drinks for the entire 9-month period.

When the spawn cracks often, a medical consultation is needed for vitamin deficiencies. In this case, experts prescribe a vitamin complex for pregnant women, which contain all the necessary trace elements for the normal development of both the infant and the mother’s vital activity.

Situations when reducing legs at a pregnant woman are not rare. The situation can be explained by the fact that in the period of sleep all processes slow down, nutrients are not sufficiently supplied to blood with muscle tissue. In addition, night sleep involves lying on your left side, because on the right side is the vena cava, which can be squeezed, reducing blood flow.

In the evening, it is recommended to use foot baths with cool water. A light massage of the calf muscles improves blood flow, relieves fatigue and tension that has accumulated over the whole day.

When in the middle of the night you suddenly reduce your hip or calf, you need to pull the sock of the foot to relieve the cramp syndrome, in any case not to pull it in order to avoid aggravating the situation. Also, some tingling of the skin in particularly “petrified” places where cramping is observed also help. After you can raise the legs to enhance blood flow and make a light massage of the lower extremities.
With persistent convulsions in the third trimester, when during the night more than once legs are straightened, medical consultation will not interfere. Perhaps the cause of this reaction is varicose veins, preeclampsia, or diabetes mellitus. In this case, you will need to visit a phlebologist or endocrinologist, who, after diagnosis, will prescribe the appropriate drugs, toning the vascular walls and drugs that normalize hormonal levels.

Why during pregnancy drives legs, seize cramps

But after all women in a position of sports, as a rule, are not engaged. Why, then, during pregnancy, there are painful cramps in the calves? Why does the legs move during pregnancy at night, if at this time the expectant mother is resting at all?

The female organism changes during this period. The child "takes" some of the energy, vitamins, minerals and other substances important for health from the mother. Fluid volume, blood composition are changing.

5 main reasons related to carrying a child

But it is not only a matter of physiology - the rhythm of life turns upside down. This is especially felt in the 3rd trimester, so convulsions in pregnant women in the later periods are particularly painful. Below are five main reasons why muscle spasms occur in girls in an interesting position.

  1. Vomiting with toxicosis and diuretic intake. Both that, and another can provoke a water-salt imbalance, washing away of minerals from an organism. And the result of a change in the ratio of calcium, potassium, magnesium and phosphorus becomes fluid deficiency. That, in turn, provokes muscle spasms - cramps.
  2. Vitamin deficiency. Especially when it comes to vitamins D and group B. The first substance is responsible for the absorption of calcium and magnesium in the body. And these minerals, in turn, prevent muscle spasms. B-vitamins improve blood circulation and maintain muscle tone.
  3. Circulatory disorders. This is a consequence of a sedentary lifestyle in the period of carrying a child. For example, convulsions manifest themselves if a woman has been in the same position for a long time: sitting or lying.
  4. Edema. They slow down blood flow to organs and tissues, and provoke seizures.
  5. Squeezing the inferior vena cava. This happens if the uterus puts pressure on the vessel, impairing blood flow. Usually, this condition occurs when a woman spends a long time lying on her back or on her right side.

Cramps as a symptom

Although convulsions in pregnant women are called “routine”, the problem should not be allowed to take its course. Be sure to report your feelings to your doctor. The fact is that convulsions can be associated not only with the bearing of the fetus. In some cases, they are a symptom of serious diseases. For example, such:

  • disruptions in the endocrine system,
  • neurological pathology,
  • thrombosis,
  • varicose veins,
  • anemia,
  • pathologies caused by dehydration.

How to eat so that there is no muscle cramps

To cope with convulsions in the first two trimesters of pregnancy, it is necessary to revise the diet. Food - the main source of natural macro - and micronutrients, vitamins.

Here are some dishes to eat to avoid cramps:

  • meat (low-fat varieties),
  • milk and sour milk with fat content of 1% and higher
  • a fish,
  • cereal porridge (especially buckwheat and oatmeal),
  • fruits (especially bananas, apricots, apples, figs),
  • vegetables,
  • nuts.

Other preventive measures

For the prevention of muscle spasms should try to lead a more dynamic lifestyle. Women enjoy regular walks in the fresh air, special gymnastics, massage, breathing exercises and warm foot baths. Do not linger in one position.

Sleep better on the left side, and between the legs you can hold a pillow, which will relieve tension in the limbs and lower back. Also during the rest, it is advised to lift and lay the legs on the roller - this is useful for the calf muscles.

Special daily gymnastics

Performing the exercises described below is useful not only for preventive purposes. If a woman systematically reduces her legs and arms during pregnancy, these simple manipulations help alleviate the condition and reduce the frequency of seizures. Here, the exercises that should be performed at least twice a day, ten visits each:

  • squeeze and unclasp your fingers and toes,
  • rhythmically move the feet and hands up and down,
  • “Draw” the air circles with the brushes and feet,
  • hands and feet "play" in the "ladies",
  • imitate the "scissors" with your hands and feet.

Hand and foot massage: 4 key zones

The process is better to connect the spouse. All actions are elementary, and for this it is not necessary to have a masseuse certificate. The main thing - the desire to help. Basic movements: stroking, patting, rubbing, “shaking” and “squeezing”. It will be necessary to cover four key areas.

  1. Feet. The first thing they need to "warm up" stroking movements. Next step: grind, moving from heel to toes. Then, with the thumbs of both hands, you need to press the points that are felt on the surface of the foot. After - gently massage, moving from the fingers to the heel. Finish by stroking and rubbing.
  2. Spawn Start with stroking. Then go to the "squeeze": caviar squeeze the palms on both sides. It is necessary to move from the bottom up. After should relax and "shake" the muscles. Then pat, pat and pat again, completing the procedure in this zone.
  3. Brushes. Stroke and rub the hand, going from the wrist to the fingers. Push points that are palpable on the surface of the palms. After - gently massage, moving from fingers to wrist.
  4. Forearm Pat "Squeeze", going from hand to hand. Pat, pat and again - pat.

Breathing exercises and relaxation techniques

The woman does these exercises on her own. It is advisable to retire, take a comfortable position and relax. Then you need to follow the instructions of the five points.

  1. Inhale-exhale. Breathe into the bill: "One, two." And exhale - on: "One, two, three." So - five times at the beginning of each session.
  2. Alternate muscle tension. This should be done, starting with the muscles of the toes and ending with the muscles of the face. First you need to squeeze the toes and, counting to three, relax them. Then straining the calf muscles - they are also relaxed on the bill: "Three." And on the same principle to use the muscles of the hips, buttocks, back, neck, face.
  3. In reverse order . Muscles tense in the same way, but in reverse order - from the face to the toes.
  4. Simultaneous muscle tension. It is necessary to strain all the above muscle groups, lock in for three seconds, relax.
  5. Inhale-exhale. The session ends with breathing exercises. Breathe into the bill: "One, two." And exhale - on: "One, two, three, four." So - five times.

What to do during the attack

Attacks occur "surreptitiously." Happen at any time of the day, in any situation. But, according to statistics, leg cramps are most often recorded in pregnant women at night during sleep. Usually in the third trimester. The first thing to do in case of convulsions is to “wrinkle” the spastic zone, pat it. Next step: gently pull the fingers of the numbed limb towards you. What if the spasm does not pass?

  • Встаньте с кровати . Онемевшую ногу отставьте назад. Другую ногу слегка согните в колене. Наклонитесь немного вперед. Можно опираться на стул. At the same time keep the numbed limb straight, without lifting your heel from the floor. No sudden movements - gently "pull" the muscle.
  • Go to the wall and put your palms on it. Pull back, arms fully extended. Now bend them in elbows, but do not take your legs off the floor and do not bend your back.
  • Sit on the sofa or on the floor. Pull one leg forward. Second - bend in the column, fixing the foot on the surface of the sofa or floor. In this position, without bending the elongated leg, lean forward. Try to reach out with your hands to your toes. Lock for a few seconds, and then - change your legs and repeat the manipulation. Do not pull the socks or pull the heels towards you - this can increase the spasm.

Medicine is a positive attitude.

According to reviews of women who were plagued by convulsions during pregnancy, massages, gymnastics and exercises should be done systematically. Even when the cramps stopped. After all, a lull can be temporary.

There is another important point that helps get rid of cramps in the legs during pregnancy. This is a positive emotional attitude. Even doctors say that communication with the baby in the womb and support of loved ones is the strongest aid in any therapy.

Causes of first trimester seizures

With the onset of pregnancy, many expectant mothers are faced with the phenomenon of early toxicosis. This condition is most often accompanied by nausea and vomiting. Against this background, the woman's body loses a large amount of essential vitamins and trace elements. Their deficiency usually leads to a situation when it reduces leg muscles during pregnancy.

In this case, the convulsions may disturb the expectant mother throughout the first trimester. To avoid this, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist, leading the pregnancy. The specialist will try to pick up drugs that will help make up for the loss of the necessary trace elements.

Causes of Second Trimester Seizures

Starting from the second trimester, the woman's body begins to spend a huge amount of minerals and trace elements on the development of the fetus. Sometimes this is associated not only with the intensive growth of the future baby, but also with the uncontrolled intake of diuretic drugs or improper diet.

To eliminate the cause of this condition, it is necessary to correct the diet, consult with your doctor about taking any medication or plant-based drugs that have a diuretic effect and, if necessary, refuse them. Also, an expert can pick up a vitamin and mineral complex to meet the increased needs of the future mother and baby in trace elements.

Causes of Third Trimester Seizures

In the last trimester, the fetus has already grown noticeably, so it is becoming more and more difficult for a woman to cope with the stresses associated with daily activities. The problem may be exacerbated by overweight.

The reasons why legs are reduced during pregnancy in the third trimester are usually two (and they can be combined with each other):

  • Varicose veins,
  • compression of the vena cava by the enlarged uterus.

Often the condition when calves are reduced appears on the background of varicose veins. In this case, convulsions are combined with increased fatigue of the lower extremities, a feeling of heaviness in them, especially after physical exertion.

With varicose veins, there is a violation of the outflow of venous blood, which leads to a deterioration of the trophic muscles of the legs. This causes an imbalance of microelements in the tissues with the subsequent development of seizures.

Muscles can deform due to inferior vena cava syndrome, especially if the woman has a multiple pregnancy or a large fetus. In this case, the enlarged uterus puts excessive pressure on the inferior vena cava when the pregnant woman lies on her back or right side.

As in the case of varicose veins, this leads to impaired outflow of venous blood from the lower extremities. The mechanism of seizures will be exactly the same.

Which doctor to contact?

The situation when the legs are reduced in pregnant women, in most cases, is by no means a harmless and not an accidental symptom. Therefore, it is important to discuss the problem with your doctor. In order to correctly determine the cause of the pathological condition and select the necessary treatment, a woman can be recommended to pass tests, consult an endocrinologist, a physician and a phlebologist.

If the cause of seizures is a violation of the outflow of venous blood against the background of varicose disease, the expectant mother is sent to the phlebologist. In this case, a specialist may prescribe a pregnant venotonic - drugs that tone up the walls of blood vessels and prevent congestion in the veins.

These drugs are available in the form of gels, ointments and tablets. Also, the doctor may prescribe the patient wearing compression hosiery. Read more about the methods of treatment and prevention of varicose veins →

If you suspect diabetes, the expectant mother should take a blood test for sugar. Increased blood glucose levels may indicate a metabolic disorder, which negatively affects the work of the whole organism, including trophism of muscles. The sugar content of the pregnant woman is adjusted by the endocrinologist after additional examination of the patient.

If there are no serious reasons explaining why the future mother reduces calves during pregnancy, the therapist prescribes vitamin complexes specifically designed for pregnant women, for example, Vitrum Prenatal, Complivit Mama and others.

Their goal is to compensate for the lack of trace elements, in particular, magnesium and calcium. Multivitamin complexes can be taken throughout pregnancy, until the birth of the baby.

What to do with cramps in the legs?

If the future mother will keep her leg, she should not be nervous. You need to perform actions due to which the painful muscle spasms will stop. What to do?

To eliminate discomfort:

  1. It is necessary to slowly pull the toes of the foot, which is cramped, to itself. Then relax the leg for a short time and repeat the squeeze. As a result of these simple actions, the convulsion must pass.
  2. After the spasm has passed, warm up the muscles with a massage of the lower limbs, hot water or with a heating pad.
  3. Walk around to restore blood circulation in the leg.

Liquorice root

The infusion of this plant improves the nutrition of the muscles of the lower limbs and tones the nerve fibers, normalizing their conductivity, against the background of which the frequency of cramps is reduced. To prepare the infusion, you need 100 grams of licorice pour 500 ml of boiling water, to insist until cool. To accept inside on 1 h. Spoon of infusion 3 times a day.

Eggshell

It is the richest source of calcium - an essential trace element for bone and muscle tissue. To prepare the medicine, you need to wash the shell from a raw egg (not boiled!), Crush it in a mortar to a state of powder and add 5 drops of freshly squeezed lemon juice to the resulting gruel. Take the finished product 1 time per day.

This plant normalizes the work of muscle cells and restores the structure of nerve fibers. To prepare the healing broth will need 3 tbsp. spoons of grass and hawthorn fruit and 500 ml of water. Bring the broth to a boil, then over low heat for 5 minutes, cover the dishes with a lid and leave for at least 3 hours.

The finished product is taken in a heated form 5 times a day, 2 tbsp. spoons. The duration of treatment is 3 weeks.

Valerian and Nettle

The combination of these plants helps to reduce the excitability of nerve fibers and improve the performance of nerve impulses in the muscles. To prepare a remedy you need 2 tbsp. spoons of nettle leaves and the same amount of valerian root pour 500 ml of boiling water, leave for at least 10 minutes. It is recommended to drink the infusion in one glass in the morning and evening.

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